Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to the consumption of alcohol

Pandeya, Nirmala, Wilson, Louise F., Webb, Penelope M., Neale , Rachel E., Bain, Christopher J. and Whiteman, David C. (2015) Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to the consumption of alcohol. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39 5: 408-413. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12456


Author Pandeya, Nirmala
Wilson, Louise F.
Webb, Penelope M.
Neale , Rachel E.
Bain, Christopher J.
Whiteman, David C.
Title Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to the consumption of alcohol
Journal name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1753-6405
1326-0200
Publication date 2015-10-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1753-6405.12456
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 39
Issue 5
Start page 408
End page 413
Total pages 6
Place of publication Richmond, Victoria, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Abstract Objective: To estimate the proportion and numbers of cancers occurring in Australia in 2010 that are attributable to alcohol consumption. Methods: We estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) of cancers causally associated with alcohol consumption using standard formulae incorporating prevalence of alcohol consumption and relative risks associated with consumption and cancer. We also estimated the proportion change in cancer incidence (potential impact fraction [PIF]) that might have occurred under the hypothetical scenario that an intervention reduced alcohol consumption, so that no-one drank >2 drinks/day. Results: An estimated 3,208 cancers (2.8% of all cancers) occurring in Australian adults in 2010 could be attributed to alcohol consumption. The greatest numbers were for cancers of the colon (868) and female breast cancer (830). The highest PAFs were for squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity/pharynx (31%) and oesophagus (25%). The incidence of alcohol-associated cancer types could have been reduced by 1,442 cases (4.3%) - from 33,537 to 32,083 - if no Australian adult consumed >2 drinks/day. Conclusions: More than 3,000 cancers were attributable to alcohol consumption and thus were potentially preventable. Implications: Strategies that limit alcohol consumption to guideline levels could prevent a large number of cancers in Australian adults.
Formatted abstract
Objective: To estimate the proportion and numbers of cancers occurring in Australia in 2010 that are attributable to alcohol consumption.

Methods: We estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) of cancers causally associated with alcohol consumption using standard formulae incorporating prevalence of alcohol consumption and relative risks associated with consumption and cancer. We also estimated the proportion change in cancer incidence (potential impact fraction [PIF]) that might have occurred under the hypothetical scenario that an intervention reduced alcohol consumption, so that no-one drank >2 drinks/day.

Results: An estimated 3,208 cancers (2.8% of all cancers) occurring in Australian adults in 2010 could be attributed to alcohol consumption. The greatest numbers were for cancers of the colon (868) and female breast cancer (830). The highest PAFs were for squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity/pharynx (31%) and oesophagus (25%). The incidence of alcohol-associated cancer types could have been reduced by 1,442 cases (4.3%) – from 33,537 to 32,083 – if no Australian adult consumed >2 drinks/day.

Conclusions: More than 3,000 cancers were attributable to alcohol consumption and thus were potentially preventable.
Keyword population attributable fraction
cancer
risk factor
alcohol
potential impact fraction
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 552429
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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