Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to overweight and obesity

Kendall, Bradley J., Wilson, Louise F., Olsen, Catherine M., Webb, Penelope M., Neale, Rachel E., Bain, Christopher J. and Whiteman, David C. (2015) Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to overweight and obesity. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39 5: 452-457. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12458

Author Kendall, Bradley J.
Wilson, Louise F.
Olsen, Catherine M.
Webb, Penelope M.
Neale, Rachel E.
Bain, Christopher J.
Whiteman, David C.
Title Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to overweight and obesity
Journal name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1326-0200
Publication date 2015-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1753-6405.12458
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 39
Issue 5
Start page 452
End page 457
Total pages 6
Place of publication Richmond, Victoria, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives: To estimate the proportion and number of cancers occurring in Australia in 2010 attributable to overweight/obesity.

Methods: We estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) and number of cancers causally associated with overweight/obesity. We used standard formulae incorporating Australian prevalence data for body mass index (BMI), relative risks associated with BMI and cancer. We also estimated the proportion change in cancer incidence (potential impact fraction [PIF]) that may have occurred assuming that the prevalence of overweight/obesity had remained at 1990 levels.

Results: An estimated 3,917 cancer cases (3.4% of all cancers) diagnosed in 2010 were attributable to overweight/obesity, including 1,101 colon cancers, 971 female post-menopausal breast cancers and 595 endometrial cancers (PAFs of 10%, 8% and 26%, respectively). Highest PAFs were observed for oesophageal adenocarcinoma (31%), endometrial cancer (26%) and kidney cancer (19%). If the prevalence of overweight/obesity in Australia had remained at levels prevailing in 1990, we estimate there would have been 820 fewer cancers diagnosed in 2010 (PIF 2%).

Conclusions: Overweight/obesity causes a substantial number of cancers in Australia.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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