Conclusions and researchable priorities

Sejian, Veerasamy, Bhatta, Raghavendra, Gaughan, John, Baumgard, Lance, Prasad, Cadaba S. and Lal, Rattan (2015). Conclusions and researchable priorities. In Veerasamy Sejian, John Gaughan, Lance Baumgard and Cadaba Prasad (Ed.), Climate Change Impact on Livestock: Adaptation and Mitigation (pp. 491-509) New Delhi, India: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2265-1_27


Author Sejian, Veerasamy
Bhatta, Raghavendra
Gaughan, John
Baumgard, Lance
Prasad, Cadaba S.
Lal, Rattan
Title of chapter Conclusions and researchable priorities
Title of book Climate Change Impact on Livestock: Adaptation and Mitigation
Place of Publication New Delhi, India
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2015
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1007/978-81-322-2265-1_27
Year available 2015
ISBN 9788132222651
9788132222644
Editor Veerasamy Sejian
John Gaughan
Lance Baumgard
Cadaba Prasad
Chapter number 27
Start page 491
End page 509
Total pages 19
Total chapters 27
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Given that the livestock production system is sensitive to climate change and at the same time itself a contributor to the phenomenon, climate change has the potential to be an increasingly formidable challenge to the development of the livestock sector in the world. This chapter provides the salient findings established by various researchers in their field of specialization and also elaborates on the future research priorities that are available before the researchers in the field of climate change and livestock production. In the changing climatic scenario, apart from high ambient temperature, air movement, solar radiation, wind speed, and relative humidity are other critical attributes of the climatic variables that hamper livestock production. The direct effects on livestock production are primarily mediated through increased temperature, altered photoperiod, and changes in rainfall pattern. The indirect effects on livestock production are mediated through sudden disease outbreaks, less feed and water availability, and low grazing lands. There are different adaptive mechanisms by which livestock respond to fluctuations of climatic changes including physiological, blood biochemical, neuroendocrine, cellular, and molecular mechanisms of adaptation, respectively. Globally, the livestock sector contributes 18 % of global GHG emissions. Hence, understanding of GHG emissions by sources and removal by sinks in animal agriculture is critical to take appropriate mitigation and adaptation strategies and to estimate and develop inventory of GHGs. The chapter also signifies that considerable research efforts are needed to modify the existing shelter design to make them more suitable for the current climate change scenario. The chapter also calls for multidisciplinary approach to develop suitable technological interventions to cope up to climate change for the ultimate benefit of livestock farmers who rely heavily on livestock resources for their livelihood security. If one attempts improving livestock production under the changing climate condition, research efforts are needed to develop strategies encompassing adaptation, mitigation, and amelioration strategies simultaneously, apart from strengthening the existing extension system
Keyword Breeding
Epigenetics
Heat tolerance
LCA
Shelter design
Simulated heat stress model
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2016 Collection
 
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