Thermodynamics-based selection and design of creep-resistant cast Mg alloys

Abaspour, Saeideh and Caceres, Carlos H. (2015) Thermodynamics-based selection and design of creep-resistant cast Mg alloys. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 46 12: 5972-5988. doi:10.1007/s11661-015-3128-5

Author Abaspour, Saeideh
Caceres, Carlos H.
Title Thermodynamics-based selection and design of creep-resistant cast Mg alloys
Journal name Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1073-5623
Publication date 2015-09-14
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s11661-015-3128-5
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 46
Issue 12
Start page 5972
End page 5988
Total pages 17
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Language eng
Abstract Atomic level thermodynamics arguments that account for the generally weak age hardening response while suggesting that extending the athermal regime through short-range order (SRO) is a most feasible path to increasing the creep strength of many current alloys are presented. The tendency, or otherwise, of many solutes to develop SRO in dilute solid solutions rationalizes a number of observations in current multicomponent Mg alloys, and in particular the retention of linear strain hardening at high temperatures, while it disputes the viability of several micromechanisms often considered active, such as pinning of edge dislocations by mobile solute clouds, dynamic precipitation of thermally stable precipitates, or atomic size effects on the diffusivity. Potential solutes are sorted out and ranked based on the sign and value of the enthalpy of mixing of binary solid solutions using the Miedema phenomenological scheme. Due to their large negative energy of mixing and reasonable solubility (>1 at. pct) at ~473 K (~200 °C), Y and Gd appear as the best candidates to increase the creep strength through SRO, followed by Nd and Ca, in close agreement with data reported in the literature. The feasibility of enhancing the age hardening response through homogeneously nucleated, coherent precipitates, in some cases despite the negative energy of mixing of the alloy, or via internally ordered precipitates mimicking those present in Mg-Th alloys is considered by making parallels with the Al-Zn and the Al-Cu alloy systems. The possible optimization of the strengthening of high pressure die cast alloys combining SRO and intergranular eutectics or of heat-treatable cast alloys through internally ordered precipitates and SRO is discussed.
Keyword Aluminum
Age hardening
Coherent precipitates
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mechanical & Mining Engineering Publications
Official 2016 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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