Management of Rottboellia cochinchinensis and other weeds through sequential application of herbicides in dry direct-seeded rice in the Philippines

Chauhan, Bhagirath Singh and Bajwa, Ali Ahsan (2015) Management of Rottboellia cochinchinensis and other weeds through sequential application of herbicides in dry direct-seeded rice in the Philippines. Crop Protection, 78 131-136. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2015.09.007


Author Chauhan, Bhagirath Singh
Bajwa, Ali Ahsan
Title Management of Rottboellia cochinchinensis and other weeds through sequential application of herbicides in dry direct-seeded rice in the Philippines
Journal name Crop Protection   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0261-2194
1873-6904
Publication date 2015-12-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.cropro.2015.09.007
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 78
Start page 131
End page 136
Total pages 6
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Dry direct-seeded rice (DSR) systems are becoming popular due to resource conservation and economic returns but high weed pressure limits rice productivity. Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W. D. Clayton is an emerging noxious weed of DSR and requires a suitable herbicide package for effective control. A field study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of two pre-emergence (oxadiazon and pendimethalin) and two post-emergence (cyhalofop and bentazon) herbicides used in various combinations and sequences during two consecutive seasons (dry season, 2013–14 and wet season, 2014) at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Baños, Philippines. Experiments were laid out in a randomised complete block design with three replications. Weedy plots were kept as control. All the herbicide treatments significantly reduced density and biomass of R. cochinchinensis and other dominating weeds at the flowering stage of rice during both seasons. The best treatment was pendimethalin followed by bentazon + cyhalofop, which caused 88–91% reductions in R. cochinchinensis density over the weedy control (9.4–13.0 plants m−2) during both seasons. It also reduced R. cochinchinensis biomass by 98–99% over the weedy control (331–344 g m−2). Different herbicide sequential treatments also controlled density and biomass of Cyperus rotundus L., Eclipta prostrata L., Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, and Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan over the weedy control. Highest reductions in total weed density (82–84%) and total weed biomass (95–97%) over the weedy control were observed from pendimethalin followed by bentazon + cyhalofop applications during both seasons. All the herbicide treatments increased rice grain yield significantly over the control. The maximum grain yield was obtained from pendimethalin followed by bentazon + cyhalofop applications, which was 4.7 and 3.0 t ha−1 during the dry season, 2013–14 and the wet season, 2014, respectively. The results suggest that the pre-emergence application of pendimethalin followed by the combination of post-emergence herbicides (bentazon and cyhalofop) may control R. cochinchinensis and other noxious weeds in DSR effectively with subsequent increment in rice grain yield.
Keyword Direct seeded rice
Herbicide efficacy
R. cochinchinensis
Rice yield
Weed management
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2016 Collection
 
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