Internationalization: From incremental to born global

Knight, Gary A. and Liesch, Peter W. (2015) Internationalization: From incremental to born global. Journal of World Business, 51 1: 93-102. doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2015.08.011

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Author Knight, Gary A.
Liesch, Peter W.
Title Internationalization: From incremental to born global
Journal name Journal of World Business   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1090-9516
Publication date 2015-09-09
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jwb.2015.08.011
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 51
Issue 1
Start page 93
End page 102
Total pages 10
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Subject 1403 Business and International Management
1406 Marketing
2003 Finance
Abstract In this paper, we summarize how internationalization research has evolved over time, where it stands today, and how it might evolve going forward. Specifically, we examine internationalization research from earlier times to the present day. We contrast the incremental internationalization characteristic of older multinational enterprises with the early, rapid internationalization of born global firms. The paper summarizes the evolution of research on early internationalization and born global firms, and provides evidence to suggest why this area now has attained legitimacy in scholarly research. We then examine important theoretical issues in born global research and suggest avenues for future research.
Keyword Internationalization
Incremental internationalization
Early internationalization
Born global firms
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
UQ Business School Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 29 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 8 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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