Are German coaches highly exhausted? A study of differences in personal and environmental factors

Altfeld, Sebastian and Kellmann, Michael (2015) Are German coaches highly exhausted? A study of differences in personal and environmental factors. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 10 4: 637-654. doi:10.1260/1747-9541.10.4.637

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Author Altfeld, Sebastian
Kellmann, Michael
Title Are German coaches highly exhausted? A study of differences in personal and environmental factors
Journal name International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1747-9541
Publication date 2015-08-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1260/1747-9541.10.4.637
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 10
Issue 4
Start page 637
End page 654
Total pages 18
Place of publication Hockley, Essex United Kingdom
Publisher Multi-Science Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Previous research has produced equivocal findings in regard to personal and environmental parameters influencing coaches’ perceptions of stress and burnout levels. Moreover, there is a paucity of studies examining these factors in European professional sport contexts. This study investigated the influence of person-related (e.g., age, hours per week, level of recovery, coaching alternatives, experience as an assistant), sport-related (e.g., type of sport, working in youth or senior section, level of performing), and perception-related variables (e.g., feeling of meaningfulness, financial security) in relation to burnout of German full-time coaches. One-hundred and fifty eight coaches of different sports and levels completed a demographical survey, a German coaches’ version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Coaches. Two contrasting groups were formed to compare coaches with the lowest scores in Emotional Exhaustion (lowest 20%) and the highest scores in Emotional Exhaustion (highest 20%). Overall Stress (β = 3.92, p < .001) and Overall Recovery (β = -2.86, p < .001) demonstrated significant effects on Emotional Exhaustion within multiple regression analysis. Moreover, the variables sense of well-being (r = -.46, p < .001), feeling of meaningfulness (r = -.28, p < .001) showed significant relationships to the key burnout symptom of Emotional Exhaustion. The extreme group comparison indicated significant differences in person-related and perception-related parameters. Recovery as well as social support might be important in managing stress in the challenging work environments of full-time coaches. Additionally, the perception of the current coaching job might be more important than context-related variables (e.g., type of sport, level).
Keyword Burnout
Emotional exhaustion
Social support
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
School of Psychology Publications
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