Coaches’ burnout, stress, and recovery over a season: A longitudinal study

Altfeld, Sebastian, Mallett, Cliff J. and Kellmann, Michael (2015) Coaches’ burnout, stress, and recovery over a season: A longitudinal study. International Sports Coaching Journal, 2 2: 137-151. doi:10.1123/iscj.2014-0113

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Author Altfeld, Sebastian
Mallett, Cliff J.
Kellmann, Michael
Title Coaches’ burnout, stress, and recovery over a season: A longitudinal study
Journal name International Sports Coaching Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2328-918X
Publication date 2015
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1123/iscj.2014-0113
Volume 2
Issue 2
Start page 137
End page 151
Total pages 15
Place of publication Champaign, IL United States
Publisher Human Kinetics
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The development of burnout in the vocation of sports coaching is a process that can take months or even years. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of longitudinal examination of coaches’ burnout, stress, and recovery. The present study investigated burnout, stress, and recovery of full and part-time coaches to examine possible changes during the course of the season. Twenty-five full-time and 45 part-time active German coaches of different sports and competition levels completed the German coaches’ version of the MBI and the RESTQ for Coaches at three time points. Inferential statistical analysis revealed significant changes of full-time coaches’ stress and recovery scores over the course of the season. Moreover, the work hours per week were significantly higher at the end of the season. Post hoc analysis revealed that full-time coaches whose values of perceived success decreased over the season showed increased emotional stress and decreased recovery values. Part-time coaches reported consistent stress experiences. Consequently, findings suggest that full-time coaches experienced increased emotional stress, invested more time, and had insufficient recovery during the season. Thus, the results highlighted the significant role of recovery for full-time coaches and were particularly important to enhance the understanding of coaches’ work.
Keyword Maslach Burnout Inventory
Recovery stress Questionnaire for Coaches
Emotional exhaustion
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Wed, 16 Sep 2015, 17:15:40 EST by Dr Cliff Mallett on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences