Genomics of crop wild relatives: Expanding the gene pool for crop improvement

Brozynska, Marta., Furtado, Agnelo. and Henry, Robert J. (2015) Genomics of crop wild relatives: Expanding the gene pool for crop improvement. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 14 4: 1070-1085. doi:10.1111/pbi.12454

Author Brozynska, Marta.
Furtado, Agnelo.
Henry, Robert J.
Title Genomics of crop wild relatives: Expanding the gene pool for crop improvement
Journal name Plant Biotechnology Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1467-7652
Publication date 2015-08-26
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/pbi.12454
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 14
Issue 4
Start page 1070
End page 1085
Total pages 16
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 1305 Biotechnology
1102 Agronomy and Crop Science
1110 Plant Science
Abstract Plant breeders require access to new genetic diversity to satisfy the demands of a growing human population for more food that can be produced in a variable or changing climate and to deliver the high-quality food with nutritional and health benefits demanded by consumers. The close relatives of domesticated plants, crop wild relatives (CWRs), represent a practical gene pool for use by plant breeders. Genomics of CWR generates data that support the use of CWR to expand the genetic diversity of crop plants. Advances in DNA sequencing technology are enabling the efficient sequencing of CWR and their increased use in crop improvement. As the sequencing of genomes of major crop species is completed, attention has shifted to analysis of the wider gene pool of major crops including CWR. A combination of de novo sequencing and resequencing is required to efficiently explore useful genetic variation in CWR. Analysis of the nuclear genome, transcriptome and maternal (chloroplast and mitochondrial) genome of CWR is facilitating their use in crop improvement. Genome analysis results in discovery of useful alleles in CWR and identification of regions of the genome in which diversity has been lost in domestication bottlenecks. Targeting of high priority CWR for sequencing will maximize the contribution of genome sequencing of CWR. Coordination of global efforts to apply genomics has the potential to accelerate access to and conservation of the biodiversity essential to the sustainability of agriculture and food production.
Keyword Plant genetic resources
Crop wild relatives
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2016 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 26 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 25 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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