Aegilops tauschii draft genome sequence reveals a gene repertoire for wheat adaptation

Jia, Jizeng, Zhao, Shancen, Kong, Xiuying, Li, Yingrui, Zhao, Guangyao, He, Weiming, Appels, Rudi, Pfeifer, Matthias, Tao, Yong, Zhang, Xueyong, Jing, Ruilian, Zhang, Chi, Ma, Youzhi, Gao, Lifeng, Gao, Chuan, Spannagl, Manuel, Mayer, Klaus F. X., Li, Dong, Pan, Shengkai, Zheng, Fengya, Hu, Qun, Xia, Xianchun, Li, Jianwen, Liang, Qinsi, Chen, Jie, Wicker, Thomas, Gou, Caiyun, Kuang, Hanhui, He, Genyun, Luo, Yadan, Keller, Beat, Xia, Qiuju, Lu, Peng, Wang, Junyi, Zou, Hongfeng, Zhang, Rongzhi, Xu, Junyang, Gao, Jinlong, Middleton, Christopher, Quan, Zhiwu, Liu, Guangming, Wang, Jian, Yang, Huanming, Liu, Xu, He, Zhonghu, Mao, Long and Wang, Jun (2013) Aegilops tauschii draft genome sequence reveals a gene repertoire for wheat adaptation. Nature, 496 7443: 91-95. doi:10.1038/nature12028

Author Jia, Jizeng
Zhao, Shancen
Kong, Xiuying
Li, Yingrui
Zhao, Guangyao
He, Weiming
Appels, Rudi
Pfeifer, Matthias
Tao, Yong
Zhang, Xueyong
Jing, Ruilian
Zhang, Chi
Ma, Youzhi
Gao, Lifeng
Gao, Chuan
Spannagl, Manuel
Mayer, Klaus F. X.
Li, Dong
Pan, Shengkai
Zheng, Fengya
Hu, Qun
Xia, Xianchun
Li, Jianwen
Liang, Qinsi
Chen, Jie
Wicker, Thomas
Gou, Caiyun
Kuang, Hanhui
He, Genyun
Luo, Yadan
Keller, Beat
Xia, Qiuju
Lu, Peng
Wang, Junyi
Zou, Hongfeng
Zhang, Rongzhi
Xu, Junyang
Gao, Jinlong
Middleton, Christopher
Quan, Zhiwu
Liu, Guangming
Wang, Jian
Yang, Huanming
Liu, Xu
He, Zhonghu
Mao, Long
Wang, Jun
Title Aegilops tauschii draft genome sequence reveals a gene repertoire for wheat adaptation
Formatted title
Aegilops tauschii draft genome sequence reveals a gene repertoire for wheat adaptation
Journal name Nature   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-0836
Publication date 2013-04-04
Year available 2013
Sub-type Letter to editor, brief commentary or brief communication
DOI 10.1038/nature12028
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 496
Issue 7443
Start page 91
End page 95
Total pages 5
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Language eng
Formatted abstract
About 8,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent, a spontaneous hybridization of the wild diploid grass Aegilops tauschii (2n = 14; DD) with the cultivated tetraploid wheat Triticum turgidum (2n = 4x = 28; AABB) resulted in hexaploid wheat (T. aestivum; 2n = 6x = 42; AABBDD). Wheat has since become a primary staple crop worldwide as a result of its enhanced adaptability to a wide range of climates and improved grain quality for the production of baker's flour. Here we describe sequencing the Ae. tauschii genome and obtaining a roughly 90-fold depth of short reads from libraries with various insert sizes, to gain a better understanding of this genetically complex plant. The assembled scaffolds represented 83.4% of the genome, of which 65.9% comprised transposable elements. We generated comprehensive RNA-Seq data and used it to identify 43,150 protein-coding genes, of which 30,697 (71.1%) were uniquely anchored to chromosomes with an integrated high-density genetic map. Whole-genome analysis revealed gene family expansion in Ae. tauschii of agronomically relevant gene families that were associated with disease resistance, abiotic stress tolerance and grain quality. This draft genome sequence provides insight into the environmental adaptation of bread wheat and can aid in defining the large and complicated genomes of wheat species.
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Letter to editor, brief commentary or brief communication
Collection: School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
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