Validity of 12-month falls recall in community-dwelling older women participating in a clinical trial

Sanders, Kerrie M., Stuart, Amanda L., Scott, David, Kotowicz, Mark A. and Nicholson, Geoff C. (2015) Validity of 12-month falls recall in community-dwelling older women participating in a clinical trial. International Journal of Endocrinology, 2015 210527: 1-6. doi:10.1155/2015/210527


Author Sanders, Kerrie M.
Stuart, Amanda L.
Scott, David
Kotowicz, Mark A.
Nicholson, Geoff C.
Title Validity of 12-month falls recall in community-dwelling older women participating in a clinical trial
Journal name International Journal of Endocrinology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1687-8337
1687-8345
Publication date 2015-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1155/2015/210527
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 2015
Issue 210527
Start page 1
End page 6
Total pages 6
Place of publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives. To compare 12-month falls recall with falls reported prospectively on daily falls calendars in a clinical trial of women aged ≥70 years. Methods. 2,096 community-dwelling women at high risk of falls and/or fracture completed a daily falls calendar and standardised interviews when falls were recorded, for 12 months. Data were compared to a 12-month falls recall question that categorised falls status as “no falls,” “a few times,” “several,” and “regular” falls. Results. 898 (43%) participants reported a fall on daily falls calendars of whom 692 (77%) recalled fall(s) at 12 months. Participants who did not recall a fall were older (median 79.3 years versus 77.8 years, ). Smaller proportions of fallers who sustained an injury or accessed health care failed to recall a fall (all ). Among participants who recalled “no fall,” 85% reported zero falls on daily calendars. Few women selected falls categories of “several times” or “regular” (4.1% and 0.4%, resp.) and the sensitivity of these categories was low (30% to 33%). Simply categorising participants into fallers or nonfallers had 77% sensitivity and 94% specificity. Conclusion. For studies where intensive ascertainment of falls is not feasible, 12-month falls recall questions with fewer responses may be an acceptable alternative.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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