Effects of cold water immersion and active recovery on hemodynamics and recovery of muscle strength following resistance exercise

Roberts, Llion A., Muthalib, Makii, Stanley, Jamie, Lichtwark, Glen, Nosaka, Kazunori, Coombes, Jeff S. and Peake, Jonathan M. (2015) Effects of cold water immersion and active recovery on hemodynamics and recovery of muscle strength following resistance exercise. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 309 4: R389-R398. doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00151.2015


Author Roberts, Llion A.
Muthalib, Makii
Stanley, Jamie
Lichtwark, Glen
Nosaka, Kazunori
Coombes, Jeff S.
Peake, Jonathan M.
Title Effects of cold water immersion and active recovery on hemodynamics and recovery of muscle strength following resistance exercise
Journal name American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0363-6119
1522-1490
Publication date 2015-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1152/ajpregu.00151.2015
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 309
Issue 4
Start page R389
End page R398
Total pages 10
Place of publication Bethesda, MD, United States
Publisher American Physiological Society
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Cold water immersion (CWI) and active recovery (ACT) are frequently used as postexercise recovery strategies. However, the physiological effects of CWI and ACT after resistance exercise are not well characterized. We examined the effects of CWI and ACT on cardiac output (Q̇), muscle oxygenation (SmO2), blood volume (tHb), muscle temperature (Tmuscle), and isometric strength after resistance exercise. On separate days, 10 men performed resistance exercise, followed by 10 min CWI at 10°C or 10 min ACT (low-intensity cycling). Q̇ (7.9 ± 2.7 l) and Tmuscle (2.2 ± 0.8°C) increased, whereas SmO2 (−21.5 ± 8.8%) and tHb (−10.1 ± 7.7 μM) decreased after exercise (P < 0.05). During CWI, Q̇ (−1.1 ± 0.7 l) and Tmuscle (−6.6 ± 5.3°C) decreased, while tHb (121 ± 77 μM) increased (P < 0.05). In the hour after CWI, Q̇ and Tmuscle remained low, while tHb also decreased (P < 0.05). By contrast, during ACT, Q̇ (3.9 ± 2.3 l), Tmuscle (2.2 ± 0.5°C), SmO2 (17.1 ± 5.7%), and tHb (91 ± 66 μM) all increased (P < 0.05). In the hour after ACT, Tmuscle, and tHb remained high (P < 0.05). Peak isometric strength during 10-s maximum voluntary contractions (MVCs) did not change significantly after CWI, whereas it decreased after ACT (−30 to −45 Nm; P < 0.05). Muscle deoxygenation time during MVCs increased after ACT (P < 0.05), but not after CWI. Muscle reoxygenation time after MVCs tended to increase after CWI (P = 0.052). These findings suggest first that hemodynamics and muscle temperature after resistance exercise are dependent on ambient temperature and metabolic demands with skeletal muscle, and second, that recovery of strength after resistance exercise is independent of changes in hemodynamics and muscle temperature.
Keyword Cryotherapy
Muscle oxygenation
Blood flow
Recovery
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 19 Aug 2015, 20:17:40 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences