Structural and normative conditions for interethnic friendships in multiethnic classrooms

Schachner, Maja K., Brenick, Alaina, Noack, Peter, van de Vijver, Fons J. R. and Heizmann, Boris (2015) Structural and normative conditions for interethnic friendships in multiethnic classrooms. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 47 1-12. doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2015.02.003

Author Schachner, Maja K.
Brenick, Alaina
Noack, Peter
van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
Heizmann, Boris
Title Structural and normative conditions for interethnic friendships in multiethnic classrooms
Journal name International Journal of Intercultural Relations   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0147-1767
Publication date 2015-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2015.02.003
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 47
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Interethnic friendships between students are important for harmonious intercultural relations at school. Drawing on research on intergroup contact and cultural distance between immigrant and non-immigrant groups, we examined how structural and normative conditions in the classroom context are associated with friendships between early adolescents with and without an immigrant background in ethnically heterogeneous schools. The sample comprised 842 students (Mage = 11.50 years, SDage = .71; 53% male) attending multiethnic schools in Southwest Germany.

Results revealed that perceived positive contact norms in class and perceived cultural distance predicted friendships between immigrant and non-immigrant students in both groups, even when the ethnic composition of the classroom was taken into account. The associations were largely the same for immigrants and non-immigrants. We conclude that interventions to foster interethnic friendships should aim to reduce perceptions of cultural distance and monitor and improve contact norms in intergroup settings.
Keyword Interethnic friendships
Multiethnic schools
Cultural distance
Intergroup contact
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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