Evaluation on the nanoscale zero valent iron based microbial denitrification for nitrate removal from groundwater

Peng, Lai, Liu, Yiwen, Gao, Shu-Hong, Chen, Xueming, Xin, Pei, Dai, Xiaohu and Ni, Bing-Jie (2015) Evaluation on the nanoscale zero valent iron based microbial denitrification for nitrate removal from groundwater. Scientific Reports, 5 1-11. doi:10.1038/srep12331


Author Peng, Lai
Liu, Yiwen
Gao, Shu-Hong
Chen, Xueming
Xin, Pei
Dai, Xiaohu
Ni, Bing-Jie
Title Evaluation on the nanoscale zero valent iron based microbial denitrification for nitrate removal from groundwater
Journal name Scientific Reports   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2045-2322
Publication date 2015-07-22
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/srep12331
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 5
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Nanoscale zero valent iron (NZVI) based microbial denitrification has been demonstrated to be a promising technology for nitrate removal from groundwater. In this work, a mathematical model is developed to evaluate the performance of this new technology and to provide insights into the chemical and microbial interactions in the system in terms of nitrate reduction, ammonium accumulation and hydrogen turnover. The developed model integrates NZVI-based abiotic reduction of nitrate, NZVI corrosion for hydrogen production and hydrogen-based microbial denitrification and satisfactorily describes all of the nitrate and ammonium dynamics from two systems with highly different conditions. The high NZVI corrosion rate revealed by the model indicates the high reaction rate of NZVI with water due to their large specific surface area and high surface reactivity, leading to an effective microbial nitrate reduction by utilizing the produced hydrogen. The simulation results further suggest a NZVI dosing strategy (3–6 mmol/L in temperature range of 30–40 °C, 6–10 mmol/L in temperature range of 15–30 °C and 10–14 mmol/L in temperature range of 5–15 °C) during groundwater remediation to make sure a low ammonium yield and a high nitrogen removal efficiency.
Keyword Nitrate removal
Groundwater
Microbial denitrification
Iron based
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
 
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