Quality of life, age of onset of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders in adolescence and young adulthood: findings from an Australian birth cohort

Fischer, Jane A., Najman, Jackob M., Plotnikova, Maria and Clavarino, Alexandra M. (2015) Quality of life, age of onset of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders in adolescence and young adulthood: findings from an Australian birth cohort. Drug and Alcohol Review, 34 4: 388-396. doi:10.1111/dar.12227


Author Fischer, Jane A.
Najman, Jackob M.
Plotnikova, Maria
Clavarino, Alexandra M.
Title Quality of life, age of onset of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders in adolescence and young adulthood: findings from an Australian birth cohort
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0959-5236
1465-3362
Publication date 2015-07-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/dar.12227
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 34
Issue 4
Start page 388
End page 396
Total pages 9
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Introduction and AimsAlcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults is a persistent community concern. Little is known about the short-term effects on the young adult drinker's quality of life (QOL), particularly prior to the first use of alcohol and the effect of alcohol consumption on subsequent QOL assessments. There is a need to know more about the QOL of those who decide to use alcohol in adolescence and the effect of alcohol consumption on young adult QOL.
Formatted abstract
Introduction and aims:  Alcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults is a persistent community concern. Little is known about the short-term effects on the young adult drinker's quality of life (QOL), particularly prior to the first use of alcohol and the effect of alcohol consumption on subsequent QOL assessments. There is a need to know more about the QOL of those who decide to use alcohol in adolescence and the effect of alcohol consumption on young adult QOL.

Design and methods:  This is a prospective longitudinal study of a birth cohort. Data were taken from the 14- and 21-year follow ups. At both time points, QOL was indicated by a measure of happiness and satisfaction. Alcohol use was also measured at 14- and 21-year follow ups. At the 21-year follow up, alcohol use disorder (AUD) was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview.

Results:  At the 14-year follow up, there was a strong association between QOL and quantity of alcohol consumed. QOL at 14 years also predicted more frequent alcohol use at 21 years of age. Poor QOL at 14 years was a strong predictor of earlier age of onset of an AUD. However, when age of onset of AUD was used to predict subsequent QOL, the associations were weak and inconsistent.

Discussion and conclusion:  Poor QOL was associated with the early age of onset of alcohol use and AUDs. Addressing adolescent and young adult QOL may reduce the early onset of alcohol use and its potential for harm.
Keyword Quality of life
Alcohol
Adolescent
Young adult
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID AA07728
R01 HD049024
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Pharmacy Publications
School of Social Science Publications
 
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