The role of overconfidence in romantic desirability and competition

Murphy, Sean C., von Hippel, William, Dubbs, Shelli L., Angilletta, Michael J., Wilson, Robbie S., Trivers, Robert and Barlow, Fiona Kate (2015) The role of overconfidence in romantic desirability and competition. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41 8: 1036-1052. doi:10.1177/0146167215588754


Author Murphy, Sean C.
von Hippel, William
Dubbs, Shelli L.
Angilletta, Michael J.
Wilson, Robbie S.
Trivers, Robert
Barlow, Fiona Kate
Title The role of overconfidence in romantic desirability and competition
Journal name Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1552-7433
0146-1672
Publication date 2015-08-14
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0146167215588754
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 41
Issue 8
Start page 1036
End page 1052
Total pages 17
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher SAGE Publications
Language eng
Abstract Four studies and a computer simulation tested the hypothesis that people who are overconfident in their self-assessments may be more successful in attracting mates. In Study 1, overconfident people were perceived as more confident in their dating profiles, and this perceived confidence predicted increased romantic desirability. Study 2 revealed that overconfident people also tend to be perceived as arrogant, which counteracts the positive effects of perceived confidence. However, Study 3 revealed that overconfidence might confer an advantage in intrasexual competition, as people were less likely to compete with overconfident individuals by virtue of their perceived confidence and arrogance. Study 4 showed that overconfident raters were also more likely to choose to compete for romantic partners. In Study 5, agent-based modeling incorporating the coefficients from these studies suggested that overconfidence facilitates mate acquisition in the presence of intrasexual competition.
Keyword Confidence
Evolutionary psychology
Intrasexual competition
Mating
Overconfidence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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