Water hauling and girls’ school attendance: some new evidence from Ghana

Nauges, Celine and Strand, Jon (2015) Water hauling and girls’ school attendance: some new evidence from Ghana. Environmental and Resource Economics, 66 1: 65-88. doi:10.1007/s10640-015-9938-5

Author Nauges, Celine
Strand, Jon
Title Water hauling and girls’ school attendance: some new evidence from Ghana
Journal name Environmental and Resource Economics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0924-6460
Publication date 2015-07-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10640-015-9938-5
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 66
Issue 1
Start page 65
End page 88
Total pages 24
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Language eng
Abstract In large parts of the world, a lack of home tap water burdens households as the water must be brought to the house from outside, at great expense in terms of effort and time. We here study how such costs affect girls’ schooling in Ghana, with an analysis based on four rounds of the Demographic and Health Surveys. We address potential endogeneity issues by building an artificial panel of clusters using GPS coordinates. Our results indicate a significant negative relation between girls’ school attendance and water hauling activity, as a halving of water fetching times increases girls’ school attendance by about 7 percentage points on average, with stronger impacts in rural communities. Our results seem to be the first definitive documentation of such a relationship in Sub-Saharan Africa. They document some of the multiple and wide population benefits of increased tap water access, that are likely to be relevant in many African countries, and elsewhere.
Keyword Household water access
Panel data
School attendance
Sub-Saharan Africa
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
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