Is the relationship between sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic health in adolescents independent of dietary intake? A systematic review

Fletcher, E., Leech, R., McNaughton, S. A., Dunstan, D. W., Lacy, K. E. and Salmon, J. (2015) Is the relationship between sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic health in adolescents independent of dietary intake? A systematic review. Obesity Reviews, 16 9: 795-805. doi:10.1111/obr.12302


Author Fletcher, E.
Leech, R.
McNaughton, S. A.
Dunstan, D. W.
Lacy, K. E.
Salmon, J.
Title Is the relationship between sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic health in adolescents independent of dietary intake? A systematic review
Journal name Obesity Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1467-789X
Publication date 2015-09-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/obr.12302
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 16
Issue 9
Start page 795
End page 805
Total pages 11
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Screen time, but not overall sedentary behaviour, is consistently related to cardiometabolic health in adolescents. Because of the associations screen time has with dietary intake, diet may be an important factor in the screen time and health relationship; however, evidence has not previously been synthesized. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to explore whether the associations between various sedentary behaviours and cardiometabolic risk markers are independent of dietary intake in adolescents. Online databases and personal libraries were searched for peer-reviewed original research articles published in English before March 2014. Included studies assessed associations between sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic markers in 12- to 18-year-olds and adjusted for dietary intake. Twenty-five studies met the inclusion criteria. From the 21 studies examining sedentary behaviour and adiposity, the majority found significant positive associations between television viewing, screen time and self-reported overall sedentary behaviour with markers of adiposity, independent of dietary intake. No significant associations between screen time with blood pressure and cholesterol were reported. Sedentary behaviour appears to be associated with adiposity in adolescents, irrespective of dietary intake. However, the variability of dietary variables between studies suggests further work is needed to understand the role of dietary intake when examining these associations in youth.
Keyword Adolescents
Cardiometabolic
Diet
Screen time
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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