Role of nitric oxide formation in the down regulation of haemodynamics and the release of noradrenaline and adrenaline

Halbruegge, T., Luetsch, K., Thyen, A. and Graefe, K. H. (1991) Role of nitric oxide formation in the down regulation of haemodynamics and the release of noradrenaline and adrenaline. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology, 344 6: 720-727. doi:10.1007/BF00174757

Author Halbruegge, T.
Luetsch, K.
Thyen, A.
Graefe, K. H.
Title Role of nitric oxide formation in the down regulation of haemodynamics and the release of noradrenaline and adrenaline
Journal name Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-1298
Publication date 1991-09-10
Year available 1991
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF00174757
Open Access Status
Volume 344
Issue 6
Start page 720
End page 727
Total pages 8
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This study in the anaesthetized rabbit aimed at determining the role of nitric oxide (NO), the putative endothelium-derived relaxing factor, in the regulation of haemodynamics and the release into plasma of noradrenaline and adrenaline. Specific inhibition of NO formation was achieved by i.v. bolus injection of l-NG-monomethyl-arginine (l-NMMA; 3–100 mg kg−1). Phenylephrine was infused i.v. at constant rates (2.5–20 μg kg−1 min−1) in order to assess baroreflex-mediated changes in release due to direct peripheral vasoconstriction. Rates of noradrenaline and adrenaline release into plasma were determined by the radio-tracer technique. l-NMMA, but not d-NMMA, dose-dependently increased mean arterial pressure and total peripheral vasular resistance, whereas both heart rate and cardiac output decreased concomitantly. The corresponding ED50 values for l-NMMA ranged from 11.2 to 18.5 mg kg−1. Inhibition of NO formation by l-NMMA as well as phenylephrine infusion caused decreases in the plasma clearance of noradrenaline and adrenaline which were correlated with the drug-induced decreases in cardiac output. Both l-NMMA and phenylephrine reduced the rate of noradrenaline release into plasma as they increased total peripheral resistance. Moreover, the curvilinear relationship between these two parameters obtained for l-NMMA was virtually identical to that produced by phenylephrine, indicating that the reduction in noradrenaline release by l-NMMA is mediated solely by the baroreflex. From the l-NMMA-induced maximum inhibition of noradrenaline release, it is concluded that the counter-regulation against peripheral vasodilation by NO accounts for 69% of basal noradrenaline release. The baroreflex-sensitive component of noradrenaline release, as determined by the maximum inhibition of release induced by phenylephrine, amounted to 83% of basal release. l-NMMA also reduced the release into plasma of adrenaline; the maximum inhibition of release was 52%. However, when related to total peripheral resistance, this inhibition of adrenaline release was more pronounced than that induced by phenylephrine, suggesting that the formation of endogenous NO facilitates the release of adrenaline.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Pharmacy Publications
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Created: Thu, 11 Jun 2015, 03:52:21 EST by Karen Luetsch on behalf of School of Pharmacy