Recent innovations in analytical methods for the qualitative and quantitative assessment of lignin

Lupoi, Jason S., Singh, Seema, Parthasarathi, Ramakrishnan, Simmons, Blake A. and Henry, Robert J. (2015) Recent innovations in analytical methods for the qualitative and quantitative assessment of lignin. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 49 871-906. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.04.091

Author Lupoi, Jason S.
Singh, Seema
Parthasarathi, Ramakrishnan
Simmons, Blake A.
Henry, Robert J.
Title Recent innovations in analytical methods for the qualitative and quantitative assessment of lignin
Journal name Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1364-0321
Publication date 2015-10-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2015.04.091
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 49
Start page 871
End page 906
Total pages 36
Place of publication Doetinchem, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
As the attraction of creating biofuels and bio-based chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass has increased, researchers have been challenged with developing a better understanding of lignin structure, quantity and potential uses. Lignin has frequently been considered a waste-product from the deconstruction of plant cell walls, in attempts to isolate polysaccharides that can be hydrolyzed and fermented into fuel or other valuable commodities. In order to develop useful applications for lignin, accurate analytical instrumentation and methodologies are required to qualitatively and quantitatively assess, for example, what the structure of lignin looks like or how much lignin comprises a specific feedstock׳s cellular composition. During the past decade, various diverse strategies have been employed to elucidate the structure and composition of lignin. These techniques include using two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance to resolve overlapping spectral data, measuring biomass with vibrational spectroscopy to enable modeling of lignin content or monomeric ratios, methods to probe and quantify the linkages between lignin and polysaccharides, or refinements of established methods to provide higher throughput analyses, less use of consumables, etc. This review seeks to provide a comprehensive overview of many of the advancements achieved in evaluating key lignin attributes. Emphasis is placed on research endeavored in the last decade.
Keyword Chromatography
Lignin composition
Lignin structure
Lignin quantitation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2016 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 41 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 45 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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