Identification of controlling factors for the initiation of corrosion of fresh concrete sewers

Jiang, Guangming, Sun, Xiaoyan, Keller, Jurg and Bond, Philip L. (2015) Identification of controlling factors for the initiation of corrosion of fresh concrete sewers. Water Research, 80 30-40. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2015.04.015

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Author Jiang, Guangming
Sun, Xiaoyan
Keller, Jurg
Bond, Philip L.
Title Identification of controlling factors for the initiation of corrosion of fresh concrete sewers
Journal name Water Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1879-2448
Publication date 2015-09-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.watres.2015.04.015
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 80
Start page 30
End page 40
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher I W A Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The development of concrete corrosion in new sewer pipes undergoes an initiation process before reaching an active corrosion stage. This initiation period is assumed to last several months to years but the key factors affecting the process, and its duration, are not well understood. This study is therefore focused on this initial stage of the corrosion process and the effect of key environmental factors. Such knowledge is important for the effective management of corrosion in new sewers, as every year of life extension of such systems has a very high financial benefit. This long-term (4.5 year) study has been conducted in purpose-built corrosion chambers that closely simulated the sewer environment, but with control of three key environmental factors being hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas phase concentration, relative humidity and air temperature. Fresh concrete coupons, cut from an industry-standard sewer pipe, were exposed to the corrosive conditions in the chambers, both in the gas phase and partially submerged in wastewater. A total of 36 exposure conditions were investigated to determine the controlling factors by regular retrieval of concrete coupons for detailed analysis of surface pH, sulfur compounds (elemental sulfur and sulfate) and concrete mass loss. Corrosion initiation times were thus determined for different exposure conditions. It was found that the corrosion initiation time of both gas-phase and partially-submerged coupons was positively correlated with the gas phase H2S concentration, but only at levels of 10ppm or below, indicating that sulfide oxidation rate rather than the H2S concentration was the limiting factor during the initiation stage. Relative humidity also played a role for the corrosion initiation of the gas-phase coupons. However, the partially-submerged coupons were not affected by humidity as these coupons were in direct contact with the sewage and hence did have sufficient moisture to enable the microbial processes to proceed. The corrosion initiation time was also shortened by higher gas temperature due to its positive impact on reaction kinetics. These findings provide real opportunities for pro-active sewer asset management with the aim to delay the on-set of the corrosion processes, and hence extend the service life of sewers, through improved prediction and optimization capacity.
Keyword Corrosion
Hydrogen sulfide
Initiation time
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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