Cannabis Use and Quality of Life of Adolescents and Young Adults: Findings from an Australian Birth Cohort

Fischer, Jane A, Clavarino, Alexandra M, Plotnikova, Maria and Najman, Jackob M (2015) Cannabis Use and Quality of Life of Adolescents and Young Adults: Findings from an Australian Birth Cohort. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 47 2: 107-116. doi:10.1080/02791072.2015.1014121


Author Fischer, Jane A
Clavarino, Alexandra M
Plotnikova, Maria
Najman, Jackob M
Title Cannabis Use and Quality of Life of Adolescents and Young Adults: Findings from an Australian Birth Cohort
Journal name Journal of Psychoactive Drugs   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2159-9777
0279-1072
Publication date 2015-05-07
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02791072.2015.1014121
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 47
Issue 2
Start page 107
End page 116
Total pages 10
Place of publication Philadelphia, United States
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Subject 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
3200 Psychology
Abstract Cannabis is generally used to enhance mood (quality of life), but it is not known whether it has this effect in the medium to longer term. Little is currently known about the temporal sequence between cannabis use and the quality of life (QOL). Data are taken from a prospective longitudinal study of pregnant women recruited at their first antenatal visit in Brisbane, Australia. Offspring data from the follow-ups with 14-year-olds and 21-year-olds are used here. Indicators of QOL, happiness, and satisfaction at 14 years are considered as predictors of subsequent cannabis use. The association between cannabis use and QOL at 21 years, adjusting for prior QOL (14 years), is also examined. Socio-demographic characteristics were included as potential confounders relevant to QOL assessments. In this cohort, lower QOL in the early teenage years predicted subsequent onset of cannabis use in young adulthood. After adjustment for socio-demographic characteristics and for QOL pre-cannabis use, participants who used cannabis more frequently had a lower QOL at the 21-years follow-up. Frequent use of cannabis does not appear to enhance the user's QOL and appears to be associated with a reduced QOL into young adulthood.
Keyword adolescents
cannabis
happiness
longitudinal
quality of life
satisfaction
young adults
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Pharmacy Publications
 
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