Influence of strength, sprint running, and combined strength and sprint running training on short sprint performance in young adults

Marques, M. C., Gabbett, T. J., Marinho, D. A., Blazevich, A. J., Sousa, A., van Den Tillaar, R. and Izquierdo, M. (2015) Influence of strength, sprint running, and combined strength and sprint running training on short sprint performance in young adults. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 36 10: 789-795. doi:10.1055/s-0035-1547284


Author Marques, M. C.
Gabbett, T. J.
Marinho, D. A.
Blazevich, A. J.
Sousa, A.
van Den Tillaar, R.
Izquierdo, M.
Title Influence of strength, sprint running, and combined strength and sprint running training on short sprint performance in young adults
Journal name International Journal of Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1439-3964
0172-4622
Publication date 2015-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1055/s-0035-1547284
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 36
Issue 10
Start page 789
End page 795
Total pages 7
Place of publication Stuttgart, Germany
Publisher Georg Thieme Verlag
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of transference of 6 weeks of full squat vs. full squat plus sprint running training to short (ranged from 0–10 to 0–30 m) sprint running performance in non-athletes. We hypothesized that a speed-full-squat training regimen could enhance squat strength and power with simultaneous improvements in short sprint performance. 122 physically active adults (age: 20.5±2.5 years; body mass: 65.8±6.1 kg; height: 1.71±0.08 m) were randomly divided into 4 groups: full squat training (n=36), combined full squat and sprint training (n=32), speed training only (n=34) and non-training control group (n=20). Each training group completed 2 sessions per week over 6 weeks, while the control group performed only their normal physical activity. Sprint performance was improved after sprint running or full squat training alone (1.7% and 1.8% P<0.05, respectively), however larger enhancements (2.3%; P<0.01) were observed after the combined full squat plus sprint training intervention. These results suggest that in recreationally active adults, combined full squat and sprint training provides a greater stimulus for improving sprint performance than either modality alone.
Keyword Velocity
Sprint
Full-squat
Transfer
Combined training
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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