Theory, evidence and Intervention Mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions

Brug, Johannes, Oenema, Anke and Ferreira, Isabel (2005) Theory, evidence and Intervention Mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2 Art No.: 2: . doi:10.1186/1479-5868-2-2


Author Brug, Johannes
Oenema, Anke
Ferreira, Isabel
Title Theory, evidence and Intervention Mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions
Journal name International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1479-5868
Publication date 2005-04-04
Year available 2005
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1186/1479-5868-2-2
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 2
Issue Art No.: 2
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The present paper intends to contribute to the debate on the usefulness and barriers in applying theories in diet and physical activity behavior-change interventions.

Discussion: Since behavior theory is a reflection of the compiled evidence of behavior research, theory is the only foothold we have for the development of behavioral nutrition and physical activity interventions. Application of theory should improve the effectiveness of interventions. However, some of the theories we use lack a strong empirical foundation, and the available theories are not always used in the most effective way. Furthermore, many of the commonly-used theories provide at best information on what needs to be changed to promote healthy behavior, but not on how changes can be induced. Finally, many theories explain behavioral intentions or motivation rather well, but are less well-suited to explaining or predicting actual behavior or behavior change. For more effective interventions, behavior change theory needs to be further developed in stronger research designs and such change-theory should especially focus on how to promote action rather than mere motivation. Since voluntary behavior change requires motivation, ability as well as the opportunity to change, further development of behavior change theory should incorporate environmental change strategies.

Conclusion: Intervention Mapping may help to further improve the application of theories in nutrition and physical activity behavior change.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 207 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 21 May 2015, 03:05:43 EST by Isabel Ferreira on behalf of School of Public Health