Driver's behavioural changes with new intelligent transport system interventions at railway level crossings - a driving simulator study

Larue, Gregoire S., Kim, Inhi, Rakotonirainy, Andry, Haworth, Narelle L. and Ferreira, Luis (2015) Driver's behavioural changes with new intelligent transport system interventions at railway level crossings - a driving simulator study. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 81 74-85. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2015.04.026


Author Larue, Gregoire S.
Kim, Inhi
Rakotonirainy, Andry
Haworth, Narelle L.
Ferreira, Luis
Title Driver's behavioural changes with new intelligent transport system interventions at railway level crossings - a driving simulator study
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Publication date 2015-08-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2015.04.026
Volume 81
Start page 74
End page 85
Total pages 12
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Improving safety at railway level crossings is an important issue for the Australian transport system. Governments, the rail industry and road organisations have tried a variety of countermeasures for many years to improve railway level crossing safety. New types of intelligent transport system (ITS) interventions are now emerging due to the availability and the affordability of technology. These interventions target both actively and passively protected railway level crossings and attempt to address drivers’ errors at railway crossings, which are mainly a failure to detect the crossing or the train and misjudgement of the train approach speed and distance. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of three emerging ITS that the rail industry considers implementing in Australia: a visual in-vehicle ITS, an audio in-vehicle ITS, as well as an on-road flashing beacons intervention. The evaluation was conducted on an advanced driving simulator with 20 participants per trialled technology, each participant driving once without any technology and once with one of the ITS interventions. Every participant drove through a range of active and passive crossings with and without trains approaching. Their speed approach of the crossing, head movements and stopping compliance were measured. Results showed that driver behaviour was changed with the three ITS interventions at passive crossings, while limited effects were found at active crossings, even with reduced visibility. The on-road intervention trialled was unsuccessful in improving driver behaviour; the audio and visual ITS improved driver behaviour when a train was approaching. A trend toward worsening driver behaviour with the visual ITS was observed when no trains were approaching. This trend was not observed for the audio ITS intervention, which appears to be the ITS intervention with the highest potential for improving safety at passive crossings.
Keyword Railway crossing
Intelligent transport systems
Compliance
Driving simulation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Information Technology Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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