Explicit and Implicit Global Self-Esteem and Clinical Outcomes

Catherine Auld (2015). Explicit and Implicit Global Self-Esteem and Clinical Outcomes Professional Doctorate, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Catherine Auld
Thesis Title Explicit and Implicit Global Self-Esteem and Clinical Outcomes
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2015-02-04
Thesis type Professional Doctorate
Supervisor Professor Bill von Hippel
Total pages 98
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary The degree to which self-esteem influences important clinical outcomes remains controversial. This may be due in part to the reliance on subjective measures of mental health outcomes and the failure to assess implicit self-esteem and discrepant implicit and explicit self-esteem. To examine these possibilities, I investigated whether global self-esteem, at both implicit and explicit levels (as well as the congruency between them), plays a role as a mediator between people’s capacities and external influences and their clinical consequences. Participants were 223 adolescent males with a mean age of 16.08 years. Participants completed measures of explicit and implicit self-esteem and scales assessing clinically relevant factors, such as loneliness, life satisfaction, and child-parent relationship quality. A purpose-built depression and anxiety measure that emphasises symptomatology was also given to address possible limitations of typical mental health questionnaires. School records provided objective indicators of emotional and behavioural problems, such as the number of visits to the school psychologist and number of detentions received. Social competence was assessed indirectly using social network analyses. Contrary to expectations, implicit self-esteem and the interaction between implicit and explicit self-esteem did not significantly mediate any of the subjective or objective outcome variables. Explicit self-esteem, on the other hand, significantly mediated the relationships between the predictor variables of GPA and number of medical absences and subsequent clinical outcomes, including depression and anxiety, life satisfaction, self-reported loneliness, and the social network measure of eccentricity. This study provided limited evidence for the importance of global self-esteem in clinical outcomes. Limitations and future directions are discussed.

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Created: Fri, 08 May 2015, 12:32:22 EST by Catherine Auld on behalf of Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences