Alternative futures for Borneo show the value of integrating economic and conservation targets across borders

Runting, Rebecca K., Meijaard, Erik, Abram, Nicola K., Wells, Jessie A., Gaveau, David L. A., Ancrenaz, Marc, Posssingham, Hugh P., Wich, Serge A., Ardiansyah, Fitrian, Gumal, Melvin T., Ambu, Laurentius N. and Wilson, Kerrie A. (2015) Alternative futures for Borneo show the value of integrating economic and conservation targets across borders. Nature Communications, 6 Art No.: 6819: . doi:10.1038/ncomms7819


Author Runting, Rebecca K.
Meijaard, Erik
Abram, Nicola K.
Wells, Jessie A.
Gaveau, David L. A.
Ancrenaz, Marc
Posssingham, Hugh P.
Wich, Serge A.
Ardiansyah, Fitrian
Gumal, Melvin T.
Ambu, Laurentius N.
Wilson, Kerrie A.
Title Alternative futures for Borneo show the value of integrating economic and conservation targets across borders
Journal name Nature Communications   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2041-1723
Publication date 2015-04-14
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/ncomms7819
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 6
Issue Art No.: 6819
Total pages 10
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Language eng
Subject 1600 Chemistry
1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
3100 Physics and Astronomy
Abstract Balancing economic development with international commitments to protect biodiversity is a global challenge. Achieving this balance requires an understanding of the possible consequences of alternative future scenarios for a range of stakeholders. We employ an integrated economic and environmental planning approach to evaluate four alternative futures for the mega-diverse island of Borneo. We show what could be achieved if the three national jurisdictions of Borneo coordinate efforts to achieve their public policy targets and allow a partial reallocation of planned land uses. We reveal the potential for Borneo to simultaneously retain similar to 50% of its land as forests, protect adequate habitat for the Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) and Bornean elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis), and achieve an opportunity cost saving of over US$43 billion. Such coordination would depend on enhanced information sharing and reforms to land-use planning, which could be supported by the increasingly international nature of economies and conservation efforts.
Formatted abstract
Balancing economic development with international commitments to protect biodiversity is a global challenge. Achieving this balance requires an understanding of the possible consequences of alternative future scenarios for a range of stakeholders. We employ an integrated economic and environmental planning approach to evaluate four alternative futures for the mega-diverse island of Borneo. We show what could be achieved if the three national jurisdictions of Borneo coordinate efforts to achieve their public policy targets and allow a partial reallocation of planned land uses. We reveal the potential for Borneo to simultaneously retain ~50% of its land as forests, protect adequate habitat for the Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) and Bornean elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis), and achieve an opportunity cost saving of over US$43 billion. Such coordination would depend on enhanced information sharing and reforms to land-use planning, which could be supported by the increasingly international nature of economies and conservation efforts.
Keyword Biological sciences
Ecology
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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