Spatial priorities for restoring biodiverse carbon forests

Carwardine, Josie, Hawkins, Charlie, Polglase, Phil, Possingham, Hugh P., Reeson, Andrew, Renwick, Anna R., Watts, Matt and Martin, Tara G. (2015) Spatial priorities for restoring biodiverse carbon forests. BioScience, 65 4: 372-382. doi:10.1093/biosci/biv008


Author Carwardine, Josie
Hawkins, Charlie
Polglase, Phil
Possingham, Hugh P.
Reeson, Andrew
Renwick, Anna R.
Watts, Matt
Martin, Tara G.
Title Spatial priorities for restoring biodiverse carbon forests
Journal name BioScience   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1525-3244
0006-3568
Publication date 2015-04-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1093/biosci/biv008
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 65
Issue 4
Start page 372
End page 382
Total pages 11
Place of publication Cary, United States
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Subject 1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract A price on carbon is driving land-use changes globally, including the establishment of biodiverse carbon plantings to sequester carbon. The biodiversity benefits of these plantings depend on many factors, including their spatial locations. We provide an approach for assessing the opportunities and spatial priorities for carbon sequestration and biodiversity restoration through biodiverse carbon plantings. Using Australia as a case study, we show how carbon market conditions affect the potential for achieving biodiversity benefits through restoring heavily cleared vegetation types to 30% of their original extent. Using a midrange carbon price, AU$20 per ton, we discovered that the top 25% of priority areas for biodiverse carbon plantings could sequester 132 megatons of carbon dioxide equivalents annually—more than 5% of Australia's emissions. Lower carbon prices limit biodiversity outcomes. Spatial priorities for sequestering carbon are different from those for restoring biodiversity; therefore, accounting for both factors maximizes efficiency and opportunities.
Keyword biodiversity
carbon
carbon sequestration
cobenefits
prioritization
planning
reforestation
restoration
revegetation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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