Transport transitions in Copenhagen: Comparing the cost of cars and bicycles

Gossling, Stefan and Choi, Andy S (2015) Transport transitions in Copenhagen: Comparing the cost of cars and bicycles. Ecological Economics, 113 106-113. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.03.006

Author Gossling, Stefan
Choi, Andy S
Title Transport transitions in Copenhagen: Comparing the cost of cars and bicycles
Journal name Ecological Economics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0921-8009
Publication date 2015-05-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.03.006
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 113
Start page 106
End page 113
Total pages 8
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Language eng
Subject 2300 Environmental Science
2002 Economics and Econometrics
Abstract In many cities of the world, bicycle infrastructure projects are implemented to foster more sustainable transportation systems. However, such projects have often raised questions regarding their public funding, as they entail considerable costs. This paper reviews cost–benefit analysis (CBA) frameworks as these are presently used to assess bicycle infrastructure projects. Specific focus is on the CBA framework developed in Copenhagen, Denmark, a self-declared “city of cyclists”. In this framework, costs and benefits of car and bicycle, the two major urban transport modes, have been assessed and are compared across accidents, climate change, health, and travel time. The analysis reveals that each km travelled by car or bike incurs a cost to society, though the cost of car driving is more than six times higher (Euro 0.50/km) than cycling (Euro 0.08/km). Moreover, while the cost of car driving is likely to increase in the future, the cost of cycling appears to be declining. The paper concludes with a discussion of the applicability of the Copenhagen CBA framework to advance sustainable transport planning and to motivate and justify urban restructuring.
Keyword Bicycles
Cost-benefit analysis
Sustainable transport
Urban transport transition
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
UQ Business School Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 15 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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