Quality indicators for musculoskeletal injury management in the emergency department: A systematic review

Strudwick, Kirsten, Nelson, Mark, Martin-Khan, Melinda, Bourke, Michael, Bell, Anthony and Russell, Trevor (2015) Quality indicators for musculoskeletal injury management in the emergency department: A systematic review. Academic Emergency Medicine, 22 2: 127-141. doi:10.1111/acem.12591


Author Strudwick, Kirsten
Nelson, Mark
Martin-Khan, Melinda
Bourke, Michael
Bell, Anthony
Russell, Trevor
Title Quality indicators for musculoskeletal injury management in the emergency department: A systematic review
Journal name Academic Emergency Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1553-2712
1069-6563
Publication date 2015-02-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/acem.12591
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 22
Issue 2
Start page 127
End page 141
Total pages 15
Place of publication Hoboken, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc
Language eng
Abstract ObjectivesThere is increasing importance placed on quality of health care for musculoskeletal injuries in emergency departments (EDs). This systematic review aimed to identify existing musculoskeletal quality indicators (QIs) developed for ED use and to critically evaluate their methodological quality.
Formatted abstract
Objectives

There is increasing importance placed on quality of health care for musculoskeletal injuries in emergency departments (EDs). This systematic review aimed to identify existing musculoskeletal quality indicators (QIs) developed for ED use and to critically evaluate their methodological quality.

Methods

MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the gray literature, including relevant organizational websites, were searched in 2013. English-language articles were included that described the development of at least one QI related to the ED care of musculoskeletal injuries. Data extraction of each included article was conducted. A quality assessment was then performed by rating each relevant QI against the Appraisal of Indicators through Research and Evaluation (AIRE) Instrument. QIs with similar definitions were grouped together and categorized according to the health care quality frameworks of Donabedian and the Institute of Medicine.

Results


The search revealed 1,805 potentially relevant articles, of which 15 were finally included in the review. The number of relevant QIs per article ranged from one to 11, resulting in a total of 71 QIs overall. Pain (n = 17) and fracture management (n = 13) QIs were predominant. Ten QIs scored at least 50% across all AIRE Instrument domains, and these related to pain management and appropriate imaging of the spine.

Conclusions

Methodological quality of the development of most QIs is poor. Recommendations for a core set of QIs that address the complete spectrum of musculoskeletal injury management in emergency medicine is not possible, and more work is needed. Currently, QIs with highest methodological quality are in the areas of pain management and medical imaging.
Keyword Emergency Medicine
Emergency Medicine
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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