Could wastewater analysis be a useful tool for China? - A review

Gao, Jianfa, O'Brien, Jake, Lai, Foon Yin, van Nuijs, Alexander L. N., He, Jun, Mueller, Jochen F., Xu, Jingsha and Thai, Phong K. (2015) Could wastewater analysis be a useful tool for China? - A review. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 27 C: 70-79. doi:10.1016/j.jes.2014.09.025

Author Gao, Jianfa
O'Brien, Jake
Lai, Foon Yin
van Nuijs, Alexander L. N.
He, Jun
Mueller, Jochen F.
Xu, Jingsha
Thai, Phong K.
Title Could wastewater analysis be a useful tool for China? - A review
Journal name Journal of Environmental Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1001-0742
Publication date 2015-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.jes.2014.09.025
Volume 27
Issue C
Start page 70
End page 79
Total pages 10
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Analysing wastewater samples is an innovative approach that overcomes many limitations of traditional surveys to identify and measure a range of chemicals that were consumed by or exposed to people living in a sewer catchment area. First conceptualised in 2001, much progress has been made to make wastewater analysis (WWA) a reliable and robust tool for measuring chemical consumption and/or exposure. At the moment, the most popular application of WWA, sometimes referred as sewage epidemiology, is to monitor the consumption of illicit drugs in communities around the globe, including China. The approach has been largely adopted by law enforcement agencies as a device to monitor the temporal and geographical patterns of drug consumption. In the future, the methodology can be extended to other chemicals including biomarkers of population health (e.g. environmental or oxidative stress biomarkers, lifestyle indicators or medications that are taken by different demographic groups) and pollutants that people are exposed to (e.g. polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, perfluorinated chemicals, and toxic pesticides). The extension of WWA to a huge range of chemicals may give rise to a field called sewage chemical-information mining (SCIM) with unexplored potentials. China has many densely populated cities with thousands of sewage treatment plants which are favourable for applying WWA/SCIM in order to help relevant authorities gather information about illicit drug consumption and population health status. However, there are some prerequisites and uncertainties of the methodology that should be addressed for SCIM to reach its full potential in China.
Keyword Drug consumption
Wastewater analysis
Population health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 29 Mar 2015, 11:00:42 EST by System User on behalf of National Res Centre For Environmental Toxicology