Influence of fasting during moult on the faecal microbiota of penguins

Dewar, Meagan L., Arnould, John P. Y., Krause, Lutz, Trathan, Phil, Dann, Peter and Smith, Stuart C. (2014) Influence of fasting during moult on the faecal microbiota of penguins. PLoS ONE, 9 6: 1-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0099996

Author Dewar, Meagan L.
Arnould, John P. Y.
Krause, Lutz
Trathan, Phil
Dann, Peter
Smith, Stuart C.
Title Influence of fasting during moult on the faecal microbiota of penguins
Journal name PLoS ONE   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2014-06-30
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0099996
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 6
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Many seabirds including penguins are adapted to long periods of fasting, particularly during parts of the reproductive cycle and during moult. However, the influence of fasting on the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota has not been investigated in seabirds. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the microbial composition and diversity of the GI microbiota of fasting little (Eudyptula minor) and king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) penguins during early and late moult. The results from this study indicated that there was little change in the abundance of the major phyla during moult, except for a significant increase in the level of Proteobacteria in king penguins. In king penguins the abundance of Fusobacteria increases from 1.73% during early moult to 33.6% by late moult, whilst the abundance of Proteobacteria (35.7% to 17.2%) and Bacteroidetes (19.5% to 11%) decrease from early to late moult. In little penguins, a decrease in the abundances of Firmicutes (44% to 29%) and an increase in the abundance of Bacteroidetes (11% to 20%) were observed from early to late moult respectively. The results from this study indicate that the microbial composition of both king and little penguins alters during fasting. However, it appears that the microbial composition of king penguins is more affected by fasting than little penguins with the length of fast the most probable cause for this difference.
Keyword Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID 9841 3626187
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
UQ Diamantina Institute Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sat, 28 Mar 2015, 01:56:09 EST by Kylie Hengst on behalf of UQ Diamantina Institute