Diaries for recovery from critical illness (Review)

Ullman, Amanda J., Aitken, Leanne M., Rattay, Janice, Kenardy, Justin, Le Brocque, Robyne, MacGillivray, Stephen and Hull, Alastaor M. (2014) Diaries for recovery from critical illness (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014 12: Art. No: CD010468.1-Art. No: CD010468.42. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010468.pub2

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Author Ullman, Amanda J.
Aitken, Leanne M.
Rattay, Janice
Kenardy, Justin
Le Brocque, Robyne
MacGillivray, Stephen
Hull, Alastaor M.
Title Diaries for recovery from critical illness (Review)
Journal name Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1469-493X
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD010468.pub2
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 2014
Issue 12
Start page Art. No: CD010468.1
End page Art. No: CD010468.42
Total pages 42
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley and Son
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Review question
We reviewed the evidence about the effect of diaries, in comparison to no diary, on recovery in people recuperating from critical illness, and their caregivers and families.

People who have been critically ill experience significant physical and psychological problems during recovery. Diaries outlining a person’s intensive care unit (ICU) experience have been suggested as something that may be effective in helping survivors and their family members recover psychological function.

Study characteristics
The evidence is current to January 2014. We identified three eligible studies; two describing 358 ICU patients, and one describing 30 relatives of ICU patients. These were included in the review. The study involving relatives of ICU patients was a substudy of family members from one of the ICU patient studies. All people included in the studies were adults based in Europe and the UK, with a mixed severity of critical illness requiring admission to an ICU.

Key results
We found no studies that had reported the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder in patients recovering from admission to ICU using a structured clinical interview.
The other primary outcome measures of anxiety and depression were described in one study of 36 patients. In this study no clear evidence of a difference was seen in anxiety and depression when patient diaries were used for people recovering from ICU admission
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Thu, 12 Mar 2015, 22:16:51 EST by Professor Justin Kenardy on behalf of School of Psychology