Psychological strengths and subjective well-being in South African white students

Jackson, Leon T. B., van de Vijver, Fons J. R. and Fouche, Runel (2014) Psychological strengths and subjective well-being in South African white students. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 24 4: 299-307. doi:10.1080/14330237.2014.980617

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Author Jackson, Leon T. B.
van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
Fouche, Runel
Title Psychological strengths and subjective well-being in South African white students
Journal name Journal of Psychology in Africa   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1433-0237
1815-5626
Publication date 2014-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14330237.2014.980617
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 24
Issue 4
Start page 299
End page 307
Total pages 9
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Abstract This study investigated the role of individual resources, notably self-efficacy, gratitude, and hope, in subjective well-being of white dormitory students at a historically white institution of higher learning. Using a convenience sample of white students (N = 227), we tested the role of generalised self-efficacy, gratitude, and hope as indicators of a latent factor, labelled personal resources, in a structural equation model with subjective well-being as the latent output variable, measured by self-esteem and satisfaction with life. Path analyses indicated a reasonable fit between the data and our hypothesised theoretical model which proposed positive relations between levels of generalised self-efficacy, gratitude, dispositional hope, self-esteem and satisfaction with life. White students were psychologically doing well, considering above-midpoint levels obtained for levels of generalised self-efficacy, gratitude, dispositional hope, and satisfaction with life However, scores obtained for self-esteem and adult dispositional hope were below the mid-point and neutral respectively, indicating that White students do not agree that they experience high levels of these two psychological strengths. White female students experienced higher levels of hope, gratitude, and life satisfaction, while no significant gender differences were found for generalised self-efficacy and self-esteem. The results of this study highlight the potential for using psychological strengths to promote well-being in racially diverse students.
Keyword Hope
Subjective well-being
Generalised self-efficacy
Gratitude
Self-esteem and satisfaction with life
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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