Late Pleistocene mammalian assemblages of Southeast Asia: New dating, mortality profiles and evolution of the predator-prey relationships in an environmental context

Bacon, Anne-Marie, Westaway, Kira, Antoine, Pierre-Olivier, Duringer, Philippe, Blin, Amandine, Demeter, Fabrice, Ponche, Jean-Luc, Zhao, Jian-xin, Barnes, Lani Minnie, Sayavonkhamdy, Thongsa, Thuy, Thi Kim Thuy, Long, Vu The, Patole-Edoumba, Elise and Shackelford, Laura (2015) Late Pleistocene mammalian assemblages of Southeast Asia: New dating, mortality profiles and evolution of the predator-prey relationships in an environmental context. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 422 101-127. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.01.011

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Author Bacon, Anne-Marie
Westaway, Kira
Antoine, Pierre-Olivier
Duringer, Philippe
Blin, Amandine
Demeter, Fabrice
Ponche, Jean-Luc
Zhao, Jian-xin
Barnes, Lani Minnie
Sayavonkhamdy, Thongsa
Thuy, Thi Kim Thuy
Long, Vu The
Patole-Edoumba, Elise
Shackelford, Laura
Title Late Pleistocene mammalian assemblages of Southeast Asia: New dating, mortality profiles and evolution of the predator-prey relationships in an environmental context
Journal name Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0031-0182
1872-616X
Publication date 2015-03-15
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.01.011
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 422
Start page 101
End page 127
Total pages 27
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Karstic sites have great potential for yielding data regarding changes in faunal communities in the Pleistocene of Southeast Asia. In this region, the majority of fossil-bearing deposits are karstic breccias, which generally demonstrate a complicated sedimentary history. While most of the mammalian assemblages recovered in these deposits are only composed of isolated teeth, their study remains essential for reconstructing paleoecology and paleoclimatology of the region. We analyzed the assemblages recovered in three mainland and two insular karstic sites: Tam Hang South and Nam Lot in northern Laos, Duoi U'Oi in northern Vietnam, Punung in central Java and Sibrambang in western Sumatra and obtained new chronologies for three of these sites so that their significance could be discussed within their correct chronological context. The resulting age ranges place the sites in MIS5 and MIS4. The comparative analysis of the faunas, in terms of taphonomy, taxonomic diversity and abundance, and mortality profiles (Cervus unicolor, Sus scrofa, Sus vittatus, rhinocerotids and Tapirus indicus), reveals marked differences in prey–predators (carnivores and/or humans) relationships in relation to habitat. The study of hominines-bearing sites (Punung, Nam Lot, Duoi U'Oi) allows us to emphasize different interactions with large carnivores (felids, hyaenids, canids).
Keyword Southeast Asian Faunas
Hominines
Geochronology
Taphonomy
Paleoecology
Mortality profiles
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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