Motivations, substance use and other correlates amongst property and violent offenders who regularly inject drugs

Sutherland, Rachel, Sindicich, Natasha, Barrett, Emma, Whittaker, Elizabeth, Peacock, Amy, Hickey, Sophie and Burns, Lucy (2015) Motivations, substance use and other correlates amongst property and violent offenders who regularly inject drugs. Addictive Behaviors, 45 207-213. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.034

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Author Sutherland, Rachel
Sindicich, Natasha
Barrett, Emma
Whittaker, Elizabeth
Peacock, Amy
Hickey, Sophie
Burns, Lucy
Title Motivations, substance use and other correlates amongst property and violent offenders who regularly inject drugs
Journal name Addictive Behaviors   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1873-6327
0306-4603
Publication date 2015-06-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.034
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 45
Start page 207
End page 213
Total pages 7
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press (Elsevier Science)
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective
To examine the prevalence, correlates and motivations for the commission of property and violent crime amongst a sample of people who inject drugs (PWID).

Method
Data were obtained from the 2013 Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), which includes a cross-sectional sample of 887 PWID.

Results
Eighteen percent of PWID had committed a property offence and 3% had committed a violent offence in the month preceding interview. Opioid dependence (AOR 2.57, 95% CI 1.29–5.10) and age (AOR 0.96, 95% CI 0.93–0.99) were found to be the strongest correlates of property crime. The majority of property offenders (75%) attributed their offending to financial reasons, however those under the influence of benzodiazepines were proportionately more likely to nominate opportunistic reasons as the main motivation for their last offence. Stimulant dependence (AOR 5.34, 95% CI 1.91–14.93) was the only significant correlate of past month violent crime, and the largest proportion of violent offenders (47%) attributed their offending to opportunistic reasons. The majority of both property (71%) and violent offenders (73%) reported being under the influence of drugs the last time they committed an offence; the largest proportion of property offenders reported being under the influence of benzodiazepines (29%) and methamphetamine (24%), whilst violent offenders mostly reported being under the influence of heroin and alcohol (32% respectively).

Conclusion
Criminal motivations, substance use and other correlates vary considerably across crime types. This suggests that crime prevention and intervention strategies need to be tailored according to individual crime types, and should take into account self-reported criminal motivations, as well as specific risk factors that have been shown to increase the likelihood of offending.
Keyword PWID
Offending
Crime
Substance use
Injecting
Motivations
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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