Motivation in children with intellectual disabilities

Cuskelly, Monica and Gilmore, Linda (2014) Motivation in children with intellectual disabilities. Research and Practice in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 1 1: 51-59. doi:10.1080/23297018.2014.906051

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Author Cuskelly, Monica
Gilmore, Linda
Title Motivation in children with intellectual disabilities
Journal name Research and Practice in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
ISSN 2329-7018
Publication date 2014-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/23297018.2014.906051
Volume 1
Issue 1
Start page 51
End page 59
Total pages 9
Place of publication Taylor & Francis
Publisher Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Language eng
Abstract This article addresses the questions of whether there are motivational deficits in children with intellectual disabilities, whether those with Down syndrome are more likely to display motivational deficits, and how motivation might be supported. The available literature that has examined motivation in children with intellectual disabilities was considered and integrated to address the questions outlined above. There is little published research on this vital topic. Reports on motivational problems differ depending upon the method of data collection. Observational studies using structured tasks generally reveal no differences between children with intellectual disabilities and typically developing children matched for mental age. When reports of parents or teachers are used, children with intellectual disabilities appear to have deficits in motivation. No evidence was found for a particular deficit in children with Down syndrome. The results of this review challenge the perception that children with intellectual disabilities will generally have motivational problems, although it is clear that motivation is a complex construct, not easily examined in those with intellectual disabilities. Strategies for addressing problems and for maintaining motivation, based on theory and evidence, are provided. These strategies are applicable across a range of settings including the home, school, and more adult-oriented services.
Keyword Motivation
Preference for challenge
Intellectual disability
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Created: Fri, 27 Feb 2015, 00:24:40 EST by Ms Kathleen Mcleod on behalf of School of Education