Olfaction modulates early neural responses to matching visual objects

Robinson, Amanda K., Reinhard, Judith and Mattingley, Jason B. (2015) Olfaction modulates early neural responses to matching visual objects. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27 4: 832-841. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00732

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Author Robinson, Amanda K.
Reinhard, Judith
Mattingley, Jason B.
Title Olfaction modulates early neural responses to matching visual objects
Journal name Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1530-8898
Publication date 2015-04-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1162/jocn_a_00732
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 27
Issue 4
Start page 832
End page 841
Total pages 10
Place of publication Cambridge, MA United States
Publisher M I T Press
Language eng
Abstract Sensory information is initially registered within anatomically and functionally segregated brain networks but is also integrated across modalities in higher cortical areas. Although considerable research has focused on uncovering the neural correlates of multisensory integration for the modalities of vision, audition, and touch, much less attention has been devoted to understanding interactions between vision and olfaction in humans. In this study, we asked how odors affect neural activity evoked by images of familiar visual objects associated with characteristic smells. We employed scalp-recorded EEG to measure visual ERPs evoked by briefly presented pictures of familiar objects, such as an orange, mint leaves, or a rose. During presentation of each visual stimulus, participants inhaled either a matching odor, a nonmatching odor, or plain air. The N1 component of the visual ERP was significantly enhanced for matching odors in women, but not in men. This is consistent with evidence that women are superior in detecting, discriminating, and identifying odors and that they have a higher gray matter concentration in olfactory areas of the OFC. We conclude that early visual processing is influenced by olfactory cues because of associations between odors and the objects that emit them, and that these associations are stronger in women than in men.
Keyword Neurosciences
Psychology, Experimental
Neurosciences & Neurology
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID RM2010002633
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
Official 2015 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 3 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 16 Feb 2015, 22:46:59 EST by Susan Day on behalf of Queensland Brain Institute