Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) taxonomy: current challenges and future directions

Harrup, L. E., Bellis, G. A., Balenghien, T. and Garros, C. (2015) Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) taxonomy: current challenges and future directions. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 30 249-266. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2014.12.018

Author Harrup, L. E.
Bellis, G. A.
Balenghien, T.
Garros, C.
Title Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) taxonomy: current challenges and future directions
Formatted title
Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) taxonomy: current challenges and future directions
Journal name Infection, Genetics and Evolution   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1567-7257
Publication date 2015-03-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.12.018
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 30
Start page 249
End page 266
Total pages 18
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Culicoides Latreille biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) cause a significant biting nuisance to humans, livestock and equines, and are the biological vectors of a range of internationally important pathogens of both veterinary and medical importance. Despite their economic significance, the delimitation and identification of species and evolutionary relationships between species within this genus remains at best problematic. To date no phylogenetic study has attempted to validate the subgeneric classification of the genus and the monophyly of many of the subgenera remains doubtful. Many informal species groupings are also known to exist but few are adequately described, further complicating accurate identification. Recent contributions to Culicoides taxonomy at the species level have revealed a high correlation between morphological and molecular analyses although molecular analyses are revealing the existence of cryptic species. This review considers the methods for studying the systematics of Culicoides using both morphological and genetic techniques, with a view to understanding the factors limiting our current understanding of Culicoides biology and hence arbovirus epidemiology. In addition, we examine the global status of Culicoides identification, highlighting areas that are poorly addressed, including the potential implementation of emerging technologies.
Keyword Culicoides
Biting midge
Molecular entomology
DNA barcode
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 20 Dec 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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