Failure modes in high strength and stiffness to weight scaffolds produced by Selective Laser Melting

Sercombe, Timothy B., Xu, Xiaoxue, Challis, V. J., Green, Richard, Yue, Sheng, Zhang, Ziyu and Lee, Peter D. (2015) Failure modes in high strength and stiffness to weight scaffolds produced by Selective Laser Melting. Materials and Design, 67 501-508. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2014.10.063

Author Sercombe, Timothy B.
Xu, Xiaoxue
Challis, V. J.
Green, Richard
Yue, Sheng
Zhang, Ziyu
Lee, Peter D.
Title Failure modes in high strength and stiffness to weight scaffolds produced by Selective Laser Melting
Journal name Materials and Design   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1873-4197
Publication date 2015-02-15
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.matdes.2014.10.063
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 67
Start page 501
End page 508
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract The production of porous scaffold structures using additive manufacturing is becoming widespread, however a detailed understanding of the scaffold failure mechanisms is lacking. In this research, Selective Laser Melting (SLM) is used to produce Ti–6Al–4V scaffold structures consisting of a regular array of unit cells previously designed using topology optimisation. Interrupted compression testing and subsequent X-Ray Micro Tomography (XMT) characterisation is used to study the deformation and failure of the scaffolds for a range of solid fractions. Further, the XMT data of the unloaded scaffolds is used to generate meshes for finite element analysis which allowed direct comparison of desired and as built behaviour. Likely failure sites predicted from the finite element analysis compare favourably with the experimentally observed ones. Failure is initiated in areas that exhibit the greatest tensile stress, while the onset of the commonly observed layered failure occurs afterwards. The XMT of the unloaded scaffolds also highlights the inaccuracies in the SLM build process, which contributes to stress concentrations in the horizontal arms within the scaffolds. The results indicate that although the strength of the topology optimised structures is very high, further refinement in both the unit cell design and build quality would further increase the strength.
Keyword Selective laser melting
X-ray computed tomography
Titanium alloys
Porous material
Finite-element analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID EP/I02249X/1
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 4 Nov 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mathematics and Physics
Official 2015 Collection
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