Diabetes mellitus and comorbid depression in Zambia

Hapunda, G., Abubakar, A., Pouwer, F. and van de Vijver, F. (2014) Diabetes mellitus and comorbid depression in Zambia. Diabetic Medicine, 32 6: 814-818. doi:10.1111/dme.12645

Author Hapunda, G.
Abubakar, A.
Pouwer, F.
van de Vijver, F.
Title Diabetes mellitus and comorbid depression in Zambia
Journal name Diabetic Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1464-5491
Publication date 2014-12-16
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/dme.12645
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 32
Issue 6
Start page 814
End page 818
Total pages 5
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aims To replicate, in Zambia, a recent global study by the WHO, which reported that the odds of depression were not increased in African people with diabetes, and to explore the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with depression.

Methods A total of 773 control subjects and 157 Zambian patients with diabetes completed the Major Depression Inventory and a list of demographic indicators.

Results Compared with control subjects (mean ± sd Major Depression Inventory score 15.10 ± 9.19), depressive symptoms were significantly more common in patients with diabetes (mean ± sd Major Depression Inventory score 19.12 ± 8.95; P < 0.001). ancova showed that having diabetes [F(1,698) = 16.50, P < 0.001], being female [F(1,698) = 7.35, P < 0.01] and having low socio-economic status (F(1,698) = 13.35, P < 0.001) were positive predictors of depression.

Conclusions Contrary to the WHO study, we found that depression was a common comorbid health problem among Zambian people with diabetes. Clinicians should consider patients' health status, sex and socio-economic status as potential factors predicting depression.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 16 December 2014. Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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