Effects of Hand and Age upon Abductive and Adductive Movements: A Kinematic Analysis

Morgan, M, Bradshaw, JL, Phillips, JG, Mattingley, JB, Iansek, R and Bradshaw, JA (1994) Effects of Hand and Age upon Abductive and Adductive Movements: A Kinematic Analysis. Brain and Cognition, 25 2: 194-206. doi:10.1006/brcg.1994.1030

Author Morgan, M
Bradshaw, JL
Phillips, JG
Mattingley, JB
Iansek, R
Bradshaw, JA
Title Effects of Hand and Age upon Abductive and Adductive Movements: A Kinematic Analysis
Journal name Brain and Cognition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0278-2626
Publication date 1994-01-01
Year available 1994
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1006/brcg.1994.1030
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 25
Issue 2
Start page 194
End page 206
Total pages 13
Place of publication SAN DIEGO
Language eng
Subject 3206 Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
2805 Cognitive Neuroscience
Abstract Older and younger dextral subjects performed targeting movements to left and right with their preferred and nonpreferred hands upon a computer graphics tablet. Kinematic analysis revealed that older subjects produced larger constant errors, than younger, paused more, and differed from younger individuals in a number of ways with respect to adductive/abductive asymmetries. The right hand was associated with shorter stroke durations and higher peak velocities, and both shorter times to peak velocity and from peak velocity to zero, suggesting superior ballistic preprogramming by the preferred right hand which was also more accurate. While both hands showed small abductive superiorities in terms of peak velocity and time from peak to zero, the largest directional asymmetries, stroke duration, showed leftward superiorities by both hands. We cannot therefore conclude either that experience with the rightward patterns of writing or that a reported tendency towards mirror-symmetrical movements by the two hands can account for the present results. Rather a right-hemisphere mediation of visually directed movements into left hemispace, along with a left-hemisphere mediation of fast, precise, temporal sequencing may jointly determine observable asymmetries. These may appear as a vector representing the opposing contributions of the two specialized hemispheres.
Keyword Neurosciences
Psychology, Experimental
Neurosciences & Neurology
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 22 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 25 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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