Phonaesthemes in morphological theory

Kwon, Nahyun and Round, Erich R. (2014) Phonaesthemes in morphological theory. Morphology, 25 1: 1-27. doi:10.1007/s11525-014-9250-z

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Author Kwon, Nahyun
Round, Erich R.
Title Phonaesthemes in morphological theory
Journal name Morphology
ISSN 1871-5621
Publication date 2014-12-17
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s11525-014-9250-z
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 25
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 27
Total pages 27
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Debate over whether phonaesthemes are part of morphology has been long and inconclusive. We contend that this is because the properties that characterise individual phonaesthemes and those that characterise individual morphological units are neither sufficiently disjunct nor sufficiently overlapping to furnish a clear answer, unless resort is made to relatively aprioristic exclusions from the set of ‘relevant’ data, in which case the answers follow directly and uninterestingly from initial assumptions. In response, we pose the question: ‘According to what criteria, if any, do phonaesthemes distinguish themselves from non-phonaesthemic, stem-building elements?’, and apply the methods of Canonical Typology to seek answers. Surveying the literature, we formulate seven canonical criteria, identifying individual phonaesthemes which are more, or less, canonical according to each. We next apply the same criteria to assess non-phonaesthemic stem-building elements. The result is that just one criterion emerges which clearly differentiates the two sets of phenomena, namely the canonical accompaniment of phonaesthemes by non-recurrent residues, and this finding is not predetermined by our assumptions. From the viewpoint of morphological theory more broadly, we assume that any viable theory must find a place for lexical stems which are composed of a recurring, sound-meaning pairing plus a non-recurrent residue. Most phonaesthemes will occur in such stems. Consequently, theoretically interesting questions can then be asked about this entire class of lexical stems, including but not limited to its phonaesthemic members. Whether they are ‘part of morphology’ or not, phonaesthemes can contribute coherently to the development of morphological theory.
Keyword Phonaestheme
Canonical typology
Lexical stem
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 17 December 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Languages and Cultures Publications
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Created: Tue, 06 Jan 2015, 00:12:32 EST by Ms Katrina Hume on behalf of School of Languages and Cultures