Methods of measurement in epidemiology: Sedentary behaviour

Atkin, Andrew J., Gorely, Trish, Clemes, Stacy A., Yates, Thomas, Edwardson, Charlotte, Brage, Soren, Salmon, Jo, Marshall, Simon J. and Biddle, Stuart J. H. (2012) Methods of measurement in epidemiology: Sedentary behaviour. International Journal of Epidemiology, 41 5: 1460-1471. doi:10.1093/ije/dys118

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Author Atkin, Andrew J.
Gorely, Trish
Clemes, Stacy A.
Yates, Thomas
Edwardson, Charlotte
Brage, Soren
Salmon, Jo
Marshall, Simon J.
Biddle, Stuart J. H.
Title Methods of measurement in epidemiology: Sedentary behaviour
Journal name International Journal of Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0300-5771
Publication date 2012-10-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/ije/dys118
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 41
Issue 5
Start page 1460
End page 1471
Total pages 12
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background Research examining sedentary behaviour as a potentially independent risk factor for chronic disease morbidity and mortality has expanded rapidly in recent years.

Methods We present a narrative overview of the sedentary behaviour measurement literature. Subjective and objective methods of measuring sedentary behaviour suitable for use in population-based research with children and adults are examined. The validity and reliability of each method is considered, gaps in the literature specific to each method identified and potential future directions discussed.

Results To date, subjective approaches to sedentary behaviour measurement, e.g. questionnaires, have focused predominantly on TV viewing or other screen-based behaviours. Typically, such measures demonstrate moderate reliability but slight to moderate validity. Accelerometry is increasingly being used for sedentary behaviour assessments; this approach overcomes some of the limitations of subjective methods, but detection of specific postures and postural changes by this method is somewhat limited. Instruments developed specifically for the assessment of body posture have demonstrated good reliability and validity in the limited research conducted to date. Miniaturization of monitoring devices, interoperability between measurement and communication technologies and advanced analytical approaches are potential avenues for future developments in this field.

Conclusions High-quality measurement is essential in all elements of sedentary behaviour epidemiology, from determining associations with health outcomes to the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions. Sedentary behaviour measurement remains relatively under-developed, although new instruments, both objective and subjective, show considerable promise and warrant further testing.
Keyword Sedentary Behaviour
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Thu, 04 Dec 2014, 19:11:52 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences