Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: A cross-sectional study from Singapore

Sloan, Robert A., Sawada, Susumu S., Girdano, Daniel, Liu, Yi Tong, Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Blair, Steven N. (2013) Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: A cross-sectional study from Singapore. BMC Public Health, 13 1: . doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-885

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Author Sloan, Robert A.
Sawada, Susumu S.
Girdano, Daniel
Liu, Yi Tong
Biddle, Stuart J. H.
Blair, Steven N.
Title Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: A cross-sectional study from Singapore
Journal name BMC Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-2458
Publication date 2013-09-23
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-13-885
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 13
Issue 1
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Centra
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Emerging evidence suggests the adverse association between sedentary behaviour (SB) with physical and mental health, but few studies have investigated the relationship between volume of physical activity and psychological distress. The present study examined the independent and interactive associations of daily SB and weekly level of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with psychological distress in a multi-ethnic Asian population.

De-identified data of 4,337 adults (18–79 years old) on sedentary behaviors, physical activity patterns, psychological distresses, and other relevant variables were obtained from the Singapore Ministry of Health’s 2010 National Health Survey. Psychological distress was assessed using General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), whereas total daily SB and total weekly volume (MET/minutes) of MVPA were estimated using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire version 2 (GPAQ v2). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to estimate the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of the independent and interactive relationships of SB and MVPA with prevalence of psychological distress.

The category of high SB was positively associated with increased odds (OR = 1.29, 1.04-1.59) for psychological distress, whereas the category of active was inversely associated with lower odds (OR = 0.73, 0.62-0.86) for psychological distress. Multivariate analyses for psychological distress by combined daily SB and weekly MVPA levels showed inverse associations between middle SB and active categories (OR = 0.58, 0.45 - 0.74) along with low SB and active categories (OR = 0.61, 0.47-0.80).

The present population-based cross-sectional study indicated that in the multi-ethnic Asian society of Singapore, a high level of SB was independently associated with psychological distress and meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity along with ≤ 5 h/day of SB was associated with the lowest odds of psychological distress.
Keyword Sedentary Behaviour
Physical activity
Psychological distress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 17 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 04 Dec 2014, 01:56:50 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences