Understanding dropout and prolonged engagement in adolescent competitive sport

Fraser-Thomas, Jessica, Cote, Jean and Deakin, Janice (2008) Understanding dropout and prolonged engagement in adolescent competitive sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9 5: 645-662. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.08.003

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Author Fraser-Thomas, Jessica
Cote, Jean
Deakin, Janice
Title Understanding dropout and prolonged engagement in adolescent competitive sport
Journal name Psychology of Sport and Exercise   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1469-0292
1878-5476
Publication date 2008-09-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.08.003
Volume 9
Issue 5
Start page 645
End page 662
Total pages 18
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to gain understanding of training patterns and roles of significant others (i.e. coaches, parents, peers, and siblings) in adolescent swimmers’ sport participation patterns. Design: The developmental model of sport participation [Côté, J., Baker, J., & Abernethy, B. (2003). From play to practice: A developmental framework for the acquisition of expertise in team sport. In J. Starkes, & K. A. Ericsson (Eds.), Recent advances in research on sport expertise (pp. 89–114). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; Côté, J., & Fraser-Thomas, J. (2007). Youth involvement in sport. In P. R. E. Crocker (Ed.), Introduction to sport psychology: A Canadian perspective (pp. 266–294). Toronto: Pearson Prentice Hall] was used as a framework.

Method: Ten dropout and 10 engaged swimmers, matched on key demographic variables participated in a semi-structured qualitative interview.

Results: Groups had many similar experiences (e.g. early training, supportive and unsupportive coaches, involved parents). However, only dropouts spoke of early peak performances, limited one-on-one coaching, pressuring parents during adolescence, lack of swimming peers during adolescence, and sibling rivalries. In contrast, only engaged athletes spoke of clubs’ developmental philosophies, coaches’ and parents’ open communication, school friends’ support, and siblings’ general positive influences.

Conclusions: Findings highlight the importance of appropriately structured programs and the fragility of athletes’ relationships with significant others during the adolescent years. Implications for sport programmers, coaches, and parents are discussed.
Keyword Youth sport
Attrition
Coach
Parents
Peers
Youth development
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 80 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 02 Dec 2014, 19:57:07 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences