Channel competence and sediment transport in upland, bedrock controlled streams in southeast Australia

Thompson, Chris and Croke, Jacky (2008) Channel competence and sediment transport in upland, bedrock controlled streams in southeast Australia. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 33 3: 329-352. doi:10.1002/esp.1558

Author Thompson, Chris
Croke, Jacky
Title Channel competence and sediment transport in upland, bedrock controlled streams in southeast Australia
Journal name Earth Surface Processes and Landforms   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0197-9337
Publication date 2008-03-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/esp.1558
Volume 33
Issue 3
Start page 329
End page 352
Total pages 14
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Abstract Bedload transport data from planebed and step-pool reach types are used to determine grain size transport thresholds for selected upland streams in southeast Australia. Morphological differences between the reach types allow the effects of frictional losses from bedforms, microtopography and bed packing to be incorporated into the dimensionless critical shear stress value. Local sediment transport data are also included in a regime model and applied to mountain streams, to investigate whether empirical data improve the delineation of reach types on the basis of dimensionless discharge per unit width (q*) and dimensionless bedload transport (q*b). Instrumented planebed and step-pool sites are not competent to transport surface median grains (D50s) at bankfull discharge (Qbf). Application of a locally parametrized entrainment equation to the full range of reach types in the study area indicates that the majority of cascades, cascade-pools, step-pools and planebeds are also not competent at Qbf and require a 10 year recurrence interval flood to mobilize their D50s. Consequently, the hydraulic parameters of the regime diagram, which assume equilibrium conditions at bankfull, are ill suited to these streams and provide a poor basis of channel delineation. Modifying the diagram to better reflect the dominant transported bedload size (equivalent to the D16 of surface sediment) made only slight improvements to reach delineation and had greatest effect on the morphologies with smaller surface grain sizes such as forced pool-riffles and planebeds. Likewise, the Corey shape factor was incorporated into the regime diagram as an objective method for adjusting a base dimensionless critical shear stress (τ* c50b) to account for lithologically controlled grain shape on bed packing and entrainment. However, it too provided only minor adjustments to reach type delineation.
Keyword Bedload
Reach morphology
Regime diagrams
Sediment transport
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 13 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 15 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 27 Nov 2014, 00:41:17 EST by Helen Smith on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management