Public-private domain distinction as an aspect of LPP frameworks A case study of Bangladesh

Hamid, M. Obaidul and Baldauf, Richard B. (2014) Public-private domain distinction as an aspect of LPP frameworks A case study of Bangladesh. Language Problems and Language Planning, 38 2: 192-210. doi:10.1075/lplp.38.2.05ham

Author Hamid, M. Obaidul
Baldauf, Richard B.
Title Public-private domain distinction as an aspect of LPP frameworks A case study of Bangladesh
Journal name Language Problems and Language Planning   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0272-2690
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1075/lplp.38.2.05ham
Volume 38
Issue 2
Start page 192
End page 210
Total pages 19
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher John Benjamins Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
While macro-level language policy and planning (LPP) that is done mainly by governments still dominates thinking in the field, limitations of this focus have been demonstrated by recent broader and more focused conceptualizations of LPP. For instance, global LPP, particularly for languages of wider communication such as English, has received considerable attention. Similarly, studies of meso- and micro-level planning has shown that many LPP decisions have to be taken at sub-national institutional, communal and familial levels, particularly in contexts where macro-level policies do not exist, where non-interventionist policies of benign neglect are deemed appropriate from a political point of view, or where a problem is too small to attract national attention. These recent developments have led to additions to the macro-level LPP framework, providing more appropriate and contextually relevant tools to understand LPP efforts carried out by LPP “actors” both within and beyond individual polities. However, this diversification of LPP frames and contexts can also be seen as going through a process of simultaneous unification and taking a macro-like character, as illustrated by the distinctions being drawn between the public and the private sector LPP. Taking Bangladesh as a case and drawing on LPP issues pertaining to public and private universities as well as pre-tertiary educational institutions with a particular focus on medium of instruction and the private tutoring industry, we argue for the relevance of this macro-like distinction for a better understanding of complex LPP issues in the country. We maintain that the public-private domain distinction may complement existing variables by adding a dimension that is increasingly becoming important in a globalized world dominated by neoliberalism.
Keyword LPP framework
Public sector LPP
Private sector LPP
English medium higher education
English medium schools
Language and private tutoring
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Education Publications
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