A cross-sectional exploration of the personality traits of dietitians

Ball, L., Eley, D. S., Desbrow, B., Lee, P. and Ferguson, M. (2014) A cross-sectional exploration of the personality traits of dietitians. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 28 5: 502-509. doi:10.1111/jhn.12265


Author Ball, L.
Eley, D. S.
Desbrow, B.
Lee, P.
Ferguson, M.
Title A cross-sectional exploration of the personality traits of dietitians
Journal name Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0952-3871
1365-277X
Publication date 2014-08-19
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jhn.12265
Volume 28
Issue 5
Start page 502
End page 509
Total pages 8
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background

Personality traits refer to habitual patterns of behaviour, thought and emotions, and have been shown to influence health professionals’ career decisions, career development, job satisfaction and retention. There is an opportunity to better understand and support the career pathways of dietitians by exploring their personality traits. The two primary aspects of personality are: (i) temperament traits, which determine automatic emotional responses to experiences, and are generally stable over lifetime, and (ii) character traits, which reflect personal goals and values, and tend to develop with life experience. The present study explored the levels of temperament and character traits of dietitians, as well as their relationship to demographic variables.

Methods

The study comprised a cross-sectional online survey of 346 Australian dietitians [95% female; mean (SD) age 32 (10) years; mean (SD) time since graduation 7 (9) years]. Temperament and character traits were measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory. Key demographic variables were measured to describe career decisions and pathways of dietitians. Multivariate analyses of variance was used to investigate the relationship between demographic variables and personality traits.

Results

Levels of several traits were significantly associated with gender, age and highest level of education. In comparison to the general population, the dietitians displayed average levels of Novelty Seeking; high levels of Harm Avoidance, Reward Dependence, Persistence, Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness; and low levels of Self-Transcendence.

Conclusions

The dietitians in the present study displayed levels of personality traits that were similar to other health professionals, although they differed from the general population. These findings are the precursor to further work that may inform recruitment strategies and career counselling in dietetics.
Keyword Career counselling
Dietitian
Personality
Professional practice
Workforce
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 19 August 2014.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 21 Oct 2014, 10:43:34 EST by System User on behalf of School of Medicine