Reducing occupational sedentary time: A systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence on activity-permissive workstations

Neuhaus, M., Eakin, E. G., Straker, L., Owen, N., Dunstan, D. W., Reid, N. and Healy, G. N. (2014) Reducing occupational sedentary time: A systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence on activity-permissive workstations. Obesity Reviews, 15 10: 822-838. doi:10.1111/obr.12201

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Author Neuhaus, M.
Eakin, E. G.
Straker, L.
Owen, N.
Dunstan, D. W.
Reid, N.
Healy, G. N.
Title Reducing occupational sedentary time: A systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence on activity-permissive workstations
Journal name Obesity Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1467-7881
1467-789X
Publication date 2014-10-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/obr.12201
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 15
Issue 10
Start page 822
End page 838
Total pages 17
Place of publication West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Subject 2712 Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Abstract Excessive sedentary time is detrimentally linked to obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. Studies have been investigating the use of activity-permissive workstations to reduce sedentary time in office workers, a highly sedentary target group. This review systematically summarizes the evidence for activity-permissive workstations on sedentary time, health-risk biomarkers, work performance and feasibility indicators in office workplaces. In July 2013, a literature search identified 38 relevant peer-reviewed publications. Key findings were independently extracted by two researchers. The average intervention effect on sedentary time was calculated via meta-analysis. In total, 984 participants across 19 field-based trials and 19 laboratory investigations were included, with sample sizes ranging from n=2 to 66 per study. Sedentary time, health-risk biomarkers and work performance indicators were reported in 13, 23 and 23 studies, respectively. The pooled effect size from the meta-analysis was -77min of sedentary time/8-h workday (95% confidence interval=-120, -35min). Non-significant changes were reported for most health- and work-related outcomes. Studies with acceptability measures reported predominantly positive feedback. Findings suggest that activity-permissive workstations can be effective to reduce occupational sedentary time, without compromising work performance. Larger and longer-term randomized-controlled trials are needed to understand the sustainability of the sedentary time reductions and their longer-term impacts on health- and work-related outcomes.
Keyword Active workstations
Height-adjustable desks
Sedentary behaviour
Workplace interventions
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 511001
569940
1003960
FT100100918
PH 12B 7054
APP1057608
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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